Today in History – November 1

1512 – Michelangelo’s paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel were first exhibited to the public.

1604 – “Othello,” the tragedy by William Shakespeare, was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.

1611 – “The Tempest,” Shakespeare’s romantic comedy, was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.

1755 – At least 60,000 people were killed in Lisbon, Portugal by an earthquake, its aftershocks and the ensuing tsunami.

1765 – The British Parliament enacted The Stamp Act in the American colonies. The act was repealed in March of 1766 on the same day that the Parliament passed the Declaratory Acts which asserted that the British government had free and total legislative power of the colonies.

1800 – U.S. President John Adams became the first president to live in the White House when he moved in.

1848 – The first medical school for women, founded by Samuel Gregory, opened in Boston, MA. The Boston Female Medical School later merged with Boston University School of Medicine.

1856 – The first photography magazine, Daguerreian Journal, was published in New York City, NY.

1861 – Gen. George B. McClellan was made the general-in-chief of the American Union armies.

1864 – The U.S. Post Office started selling money orders. The money orders provided a safe way to payments by mail.

1870 – The U.S. Weather Bureau made its first meteorological observations using 24 locations that provided reports via telegraph.

1879 – Thomas Edison executed his first patent application for a high-resistance carbon filament (U.S. Pat. 223,898).

1894 – “Billboard Advertising” was published for the first time. It later became known as “Billboard.”

1894 – Russian Emperor Alexander III died.

1904 – The Army War College in Washington, DC, enrolled the first class.

1911 – Italy used planes to drop bombs on the Tanguira oasis in Libya. It was the first aerial bombing.

1936 – Benito Mussolini made a speech in Milan, Italy, in which he described the alliance between Italy and Nazi Germany as an “axis” running between Berlin and Rome.

1937 – “Hilltop House” was aired for the first time on CBS Radio.

1937 – “Terry and the Pirates” debuted on NBC Radio.

1940 – “A Night in the Tropics” was released. It was the first movie for Abbott and Costello.

1944 – “Harvey,” by Mary Chase, opened on Broadway.

1947 – The famous racehorse Man o’ War died.

1949 – In Washington, 55 people were killed when a fighter plane hit an airliner.

1950 – Two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to assassinate U.S. President Harry Truman. One of the men was killed when they tried to force their way into Blair House in Washington, DC.

1952 – The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

1954 – Algeria began to rebel against French rule.

1959 – Jacques Plante, of the Montreal Canadiens, became the first goalie in the NHL to wear a mask.

1963 – The USSR launched Polyot I. It was the first satellite capable of maneuvering in all directions and able to change its orbit.

1968 – The movie rating system of G, M, R, X, followed by PG-13 and NC-17 went into effect.

1973 – Leon Jaworski was appointed the new Watergate special prosecutor in the Watergate case.

1979 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini urged all Iranians to demonstrate on November 4 and to expand their attacks against the U.S. and Israel. On November 4, Iranian militants seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran and took 63 Americans hostage.

1981 – The U.S. Postal Service raised the first-class letter rate to 20 cents.

1985 – In the village of Ignacio Aldama, 22 members of a Mexican anti-narcotics squad were killed by alleged drug traffickers.

1987 – Deng Xiaoping retired from China’s Communist Party’s Central Committee.

1989 – Tens of thousands of refugees to fled to the West when East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia.

1989 – Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega announced the end of a cease-fire with the Contra rebels.

1993 – The European Community’s treaty on European unity took effect.

1994 – The Amazon.com domain name was registered.

1995 – In Dayton, OH, the Bosnian peace talks opened with the leaders of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia present.

1998 – Nicaraguan Vice President Enrique Bolanos announced that between 1,000 and 1,500 people were buried in a 32-square mile area below the slopes of the Casita volcano in northern Nicaragua by a mudslide caused by Hurricane Mitch.

1998 – Iridium inaugurated the first handheld, global satellite phone and paging system.

Advertisements

Homily of the Year

Pastoral care also means confronting, not just comforting. Awesome homily, Phoenix’ own Fr. John Lankeit. I’ve attended 3 conferences where Fr. John Lankeit was a guest speaker…….he blew the doors down then. He does it again.

 


Today in History – October 26

1774 – The First Continental Congress of the U.S. adjourned in Philadelphia.

1825 – The Erie Canal opened in upstate New York. The 363-mile canal connected Lake Erie and the Hudson River at a cost of $7,602,000.

1854 – Charles William Post was born. He was the inventor of “Grape Nuts,” “Postum” and “Post Toasties.”

1858 – H.E. Smith patented the rotary-motion washing machine.

1881 – The “Gunfight at the OK Corral” took place in Tombstone, AZ. The fight was between Wyatt Earp, his two brothers and Doc Holiday and the Ike Clanton Gang.

1905 – Norway gained independence from Sweden.

1942 – The U.S. ship Hornet was sunk in the Battle of Santa Cruz during World War II.

1944 – During World War II, the Battle of Leyte Gulf ended. The battle was won by American forces and brought the end of the Pacific phase of World War II into sight.

1949 – U.S. President Harry Truman raised the minimum wage from 40 to 75 cents an hour.

1951 – Winston Churchill became the prime minister of Great Britain.

1955 – New York City’s “The Village Voice” was first published.

1957 – The Soviet Union announced that defense minister Marchal Georgi Zhukov had been relieved of his duties.

1958 – Pan American Airways flew its first Boeing 707 jetliner from New York City to Paris.

1962 – The Soviet Union made an offer to end the Cuban Missile Crisis by taking their missile bases out of Cuba if the U.S. agreed to not invade Cuba and would remove Jupiter missiles in Turkey.

1967 – The Shah of Iran crowned himself and his Queen after 26 years on the Peacock Throne.

1970 – “Doonesbury,” the comic strip by Gary Trudeau, premiered in 28 newspapers across the U.S.

1972 – U.S. National security adviser Henry Kissinger declared, “Peace is at hand” in Vietnam.

1975 – Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to officially visit to the United States.

1977 – The experimental space shuttle Enterprise successfully landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California.

1979 – South Korean President Park Chung-hee was shot to death by Kim Jae-kyu, the head of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency.

1980 – Israeli President Yitzhak Navon became the first Israeli head of state to visit Egypt.

1984 – “Baby Fae” was given the heart of baboon after being born with a severe heart defect. She lived for 21 days with the animal heart.

1985 – Approximately 110,000 people marched past the U.S. and Soviet embassies in London to pressure the two countries to end their arms race.

1988 – Roussel Uclaf, a French pharmaceutical company, announced it was halting the worldwide distribution of RU-486. The pill is used to induce abortions. The French government made the company reverse itself two days later.

1988 – Two whales were freed by Soviet and American icebreakers. The whales had been trapped for nearly 3 weeks in an Arctic ice pack.

1990 – The U.S. State Department issued a warning that terrorists could be planning an attack on a passenger ship or aircraft.

1990 – Wayne Gretzky became the first NHL player to reach 2,000 points.

1991 – Former Washington Mayor Marion Barry arrived at a federal correctional institution in Petersburg, VA, to begin serving a six-month sentence for cocaine possession.

1992 – General Motors Corp. Chairman Robert Stempel resigned after the company recorded its highest losses in history.

1992 – In Canada, voters rejected the Charlottetown accord, which was designed to unify the country.

1993 – Deborah Gore Dean was convicted of 12 felony counts of defrauding the U.S. government and lying to the U.S. Congress. Dean was a central figure in the Reagan-era HUD scandal.

1994 – Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Prime Minister Abdel Salam Majali of Jordan signed a peace treaty.

1995 – Mario Lemieux (Pittsburgh Penguins) scored his 500th National Hockey League (NHL) career goal against the New York Islanders in his 605th game. He became the second-fastest player to attain the plateau. Wayne Gretzky had reached 600 goals by his 575th NHL game.

1996 – Federal prosecutors cleared Richard Jewell as a suspect in the Olympic park bombing.

1998 – A French lab found a nerve agent on an Iraqi missile warhead.

2001 – It was announced that Fort Worth’s Lockheed Martin won a defense contract for $200 billion over 40 years. The contract, for the “joint strike fighter,” was the largest defense contract in history.

2002 – Russian authorities pumped a gas into a theater where separatist rebels held over 800 hostages. The gas killed 116 hostages and all 50 hostage-takers were killed by the gas or gunshot wounds.


Today in History – October 21

1797 – “Old Ironsides,” the U.S. Navy frigate Constitution, was launched in Boston’s harbor.

1805 – The Battle of Trafalgar occurred off the coast of Spain. The British defeated the French and Spanish fleet.

1849 – The first tattooed man, James F. O’Connell, was put on exhibition at the Franklin Theatre in New York City, NY.

1858 – The Can-Can was performed for the first time in Paris.

1879 – Thomas Edison invented the electric incandescent lamp. It would last 13 1/2 hours before it would burn out.

1917 – The first U.S. soldiers entered combat during World War I near Nancy, France.

1918 – Margaret Owen set a typing speed record of 170 words per minute on a manual typewriter.

1925 – The photoelectric cell was first demonstrated at the Electric Show in New York City, NY.

1925 – The U.S. Treasury Department announced that it had fined 29,620 people for prohibition (of alcohol) violations.

1927 – In New York City, construction began on the George Washington Bridge.

1944 – During World War II, the German city of Aachen was captured by U.S. troops.

1945 – Women in France were allowed to vote for the first time.

1950 – Chinese forces invaded Tibet.

1959 – The Guggenheim Museum was opened to the public in New York. The building was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.

1967 – Thousands of demonstrators marched in Washington, DC, in opposition to the Vietnam War.

1980 – The Philadelphia Phillies won their first World Series.

1983 – The Pentagon reported that 2,000 Marines were headed to Grenada to protect and evacuate Americans living there.

1986 – The U.S. ordered 55 Soviet diplomats to leave. The action was in reaction to the Soviet Union expelling five American diplomats.

1991 – Jesse Turner, an American hostage in Lebanon, was released after nearly five years of being imprisoned.

1993 – The play “The Twilight of the Golds” opened.

1994 – North Korea and the U.S. signed an agreement requiring North Korea to halt its nuclear program and agree to inspections.

1998 – The New York Yankees set a major league baseball record of 125 victories for the regular and postseason combined.

1998 – Cancer specialist Dr. Jane Henney became the FDA’s first female commissioner.

2003 – The U.S. Senate voted to ban what was known as partial birth abortions.

2003 – North Korea rejected U.S. President George W. Bush’s offer of a written pledge not to attack in exchange for the communist nation agreeing to end its nuclear weapons program.


Today in History – October 11

1776 – During the American Revolution the first naval battle of Lake Champlain was fought. The forces under Gen. Benedict Arnold suffered heavy losses.

1811 – The Juliana, the first steam-powered ferryboat, was put into operation by the inventor John Stevens. The ferry went between New York City, NY, and Hoboken, NJ.

1869 – Thomas Edison filed for a patent on his first invention. The electric machine was used for counting votes for the U.S. Congress, however the Congress did not buy it.

1881 – David Henderson Houston patented the first roll film for cameras.

1890 – The Daughters of the American Revolution was founded in Washington, DC.

1899 – The Boer War began in South Africa between the British and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State.

1929 – JCPenney opened a store in Milford, DE, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 states.

1932 – In New York, the first telecast of a political campaign was aired.

1936 – The radio show, “Professor Quiz”, aired for the first time.

1939 – U.S. President Roosevelt was presented with a letter from Albert Einstein that urged him to develop the U.S. atomic program rapidly.

1942 – The Battle of Cape Esperance, during World War II, began in the Solomons.

1958 – Pioneer 1, a lunar probe, was launched by the U.S. The probe did not reach its destination and fell back to Earth and burned up in the atmosphere.

1968 – Apollo 7 was launched by the U.S. The first manned Apollo mission was the first in which live television broadcasts were received from orbit. Wally Schirra, Don Fulton Eisele and R. Walter Cunningham were the astronauts aboard.

1971 – Hugh Downs left the “Today” show and “Concentration”. He later became the host of ABC’s “20/20”.

1975 – “Saturday Night Live” was broadcast for the first time. George Carlin was the guest host.

1975 – Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham were married in Fayetteville, AR.

1983 – The last hand-cranked telephones in the U.S. went out of service. The 440 telephone customers of Bryant Pond, ME, were switched to direct-dial service.

1984 – Construction began on the Kamric/Cinergy Futursonics Studio in Houston, TX.

1984 – American Kathryn D. Sullivan became the first female astronaut to space walk. She was aboard the space shuttle Challenger.

1984 – Mario Lemieux (Pittsburgh Penguins) made his debut in the National Hockey League (NHL) against the Boston Bruins. He scored a goal on his first shot on his first NHL shift.

1994 – U.S. troops in Haiti took control of the National Palace.

1994 – Iraqi troops began moving away from the Kuwaiti border.

1994 – The Colorado Supreme Court declared that the anti-gay rights measure in the state was unconstitutional.


Today in History – October 6

1683 – The first Mennonites arrived in America aboard the Concord. The German and Dutch families settled in an area that is now a neighborhood in Philadelphia, PA.

1848 – The steamboat SS California left New York Harbor for San Francisco via Cape Horn. The steamboat service arrived on February 28, 1849. The trip took 4 months and 21 days.

1857 – The American Chess Congress held their first national chess tournament in New York City.

1863 – The first Turkish bath was opened in Brooklyn, NY, by Dr. Charles Shepard.

1866 – The Reno Brothers pulled the first train robbery in America near Seymour, IN. The got away with $10,000.

1880 – The National League kicked the Cincinnati Reds out for selling beer.

1884 – The Naval War College was established in Newport, RI.

1889 – In Paris, the Moulin Rouge opened its doors to the public for the first time.

1889 – The Kinescope was exhibited by Thomas Edison. He had patented the moving picture machine in 1887.

1890 – Polygamy was outlawed by the Mormon Church.

1927 – “The Jazz Singer” opened in New York starring Al Jolson. The film was based on the short story “The Day of Atonement” by Sampson Raphaelson.

1928 – War-torn China was reunited under the Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek.

1937 – “Hobby Lobby” debuted on CBS radio.

1939 – Adolf Hitler denied any intention to wage war against Britain and France in an address to Reichstag.

1948 – “Summer and Smoke” by Tennessee Williams opened on Broadway.

1949 – U.S. president Harry Truman signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Act. The act provided $1.3 billion in the form of military aid to NATO countries.

1954 – E.L. Lyon became the first male nurse for the U.S. Army.

1961 – U.S. president John F. Kennedy advised American families to build or buy bomb shelters to protect them in the event of a nuclear exchange with the Soviet Union.

1962 – Robert Goulet began the role of Sir Lancelot in “Camelot”.

1973 – Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in an attempt to win back territory that had been lost in the third Arab-Israel war. Support for Israel led to a devastating oil embargo against many nations including the U.S. and Great Britain on October 17, 1973. The war lasted 2 weeks.

1979 – Pope John Paul II became the first pontiff to visit the White House.

1991 – Elizabeth Taylor married Larry Fortensky. The ceremony was held at Michael Jackson’s estate near Los Angeles, CA. It was Taylor’s 8th marriage and Fortensky’s 3rd.

1992 – Ross Perot appeared in his first paid broadcast on CBS-TV after entering the U.S. presidential race.


Hiatus – June 27 – October 5

Still trying to get my domain “JoeGringo.com” back. It was picked 1 day after I was to re-new domain…anyway, back in the saddle.