1096 – Peter the Hermit’s crusaders forced their way across Sava, Hungary.
1243 – The Seljuk Turkish army in Asia Minor was wiped out by the Mongols.
1483 – Richard III usurped himself to the English throne.
1794 – The French defeated an Austrian army at the Battle of Fleurus.
1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition reached the mouth of the Kansas River after completing a westward trek of nearly 400 river miles.
1819 – The bicycle was patented by W.K. Clarkson, Jr.
1844 – John Tyler took Julia Gardiner as his bride, thus becoming the first U.S. President to marry while in office.
1870 – The first section of the boardwalk in Atlantic City, NJ, was opened to the public.
1894 – The American Railway Union called a general strike in sympathy with Pullman workers.
1900 – The United States announced that it would send troops to fight against the Boxer rebellion in China.
1900 – A commission that included Dr. Walter Reed began the fight against the deadly disease yellow fever.
1907 – Russia’s nobility demanded drastic measures to be taken against revolutionaries.
1908 – Shah Muhammad Ali’s forces squelched the reform elements of Parliament in Persia.
1917 – General John “Black Jack” Pershing arrived in France with the American Expeditionary Force.
1925 – Charlie Chaplin’s comedy “The Gold Rush” premiered in Hollywood.
1926 – A memorial to the first U.S. troops in France was unveiled at St. Nazaire.
1924 – After eight years of occupation, American troops left the Dominican Republic.
1927 – The Coney Island Cyclone roller coaster opened in New York.
1936 – The Focke-Wulf Fw 61 made its first flight. It is often considered the first practical helicopter.
1942 – The Grumman F6F Hellcat fighter was flown for the first time.
1945 – The U.N. Charter was signed by 50 nations in San Francisco, CA.
1948 – The Berlin Airlift began as the U.S., Britain and France started ferrying supplies to the isolated western sector of Berlin.
1951 – The Soviet Union proposed a cease-fire in the Korean War.
1959 – CBS journalist Edward R. Murrow interviewed Lee Remick. It was his 500th and final guest on “Person to Person.”
1959 – U.S. President Eisenhower joined Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II in ceremonies officially opening the St. Lawrence Seaway.
1961 – A Kuwaiti vote opposed Iraq’s annexation plans.
1963 – U.S. President John Kennedy announced “Ich bin ein Berliner” (I am a Berliner) at the Berlin Wall.
1971 – The U.S. Justice Department issued a warrant for Daniel Ellsberg, accusing him of giving away the Pentagon Papers.
1974 – In Troy, Ohio, a Marsh supermarket installed the first bar code scanning equipment, made by IBM, and a product with a bar code was scanned for the first time. The product was Juicy Fruit gum.
1975 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency due to “deep and widespread conspiracy.”
1976 – In Toronto, Canada, the CN Tower opened to the public. The official opening date is listed as October 1, 1976. It was the world’s tallest free-standing stucture and the world’s tallest tower until 2010.
1979 – Muhammad Ali, at 37 years old, announced that he was retiring as world heavyweight boxing champion.
1985 – Wilbur Snapp was ejected after playing “Three Blind Mice” during a baseball game. The incident followed a call made by umpire Keith O’Connor.
1987 – The movie “Dragnet” opened in the U.S.
1996 – The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the Virginia Military Institute to admit women or forgo state support.
1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court struck down the Communications Decency Act of 1996 that made it illegal to distribute indecent material on the Internet.
1997 – J.K. Rowlings book “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” was published in the U.K. The book was later released in the U.S. under the name “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone.” This was the first book in the Harry Potter series.
1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld state laws that allow for a ban on doctor-assisted suicides.
1998 – The U.S. and Peru open school to train commandos to patrol Peru’s rivers for drug traffickers.
1998 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that employers are always potentially liable for supervisor’s sexual misconduct toward an employee.
2000 – The Human Genome Project and Celera Genomics Corp. jointly announced that they had created a working draft of the human genome.
2000 – Indonesia’s President Abdurrahman Wahid declared a state of emergency in the Moluccas due to the escalation of fighting between Christians and Muslims.
2001 – Ray Bourque (Colorado Avalanche) announced his retirement just 17 days after winning his first Stanley Cup. Bouque retired after 22 years and held the NHL record for highest-scoring defenseman and playing in 19 consecutive All-Star games.
2002 – David Hasseloff checked into The Betty Ford Center for treatment of alcoholism.
2002 – WorldCom Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.