Monthly Archives: April 2016

Today in History – April 29

1289 – Qala’un, the Sultan of Egypt, captured Tripoli.

1429 – Joan of Arc led Orleans, France, to victory over Britain.

1661 – The Chinese Ming dynasty occupied Taiwan.

1672 – King Louis XIV of France invaded the Netherlands.

1813 – Rubber was patented by J.F. Hummel.

1852 – The first edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus was published.

1856 – A peace treaty was signed between England and Russia.

1858 – Austrian troops invaded Piedmont.

1861 – The Maryland House of Delegates voted against seceding from Union.

1862 – New Orleans fell to Union forces during the Civil War.

1864 – Theta Xi was founded in Troy, New York.

1879 – In Cleveland, OH, electric arc lights were used for the first time.

1913 – Gideon Sundback patented an all-purpose zipper.

1916 – Irish nationalists surrendered to British authorities in Dublin.

1918 – Germany’s Western Front offensive ended in World War I.

1924 – An open revolt broke out in Santa Clara, Cuba.

1927 – Construction of the Spirit of St. Louis was completed for Lindbergh.

1941 – The Boston Bees agreed to change their name to the Braves.

1945 – The German Army in Italy surrendered unconditionally to the Allies.

1945 – In a bunker in Berlin, Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun were married. Hitler designated Admiral Karl Doenitz his successor.

1945 – The Nazi death camp, Dachau, was liberated.

1946 – Twenty-eight former Japanese leaders were indicted in Tokyo as war criminals.

1952 – IBM President Thomas J. Watson, Jr., informed his company’s stockholders that IBM was building “the most advanced, most flexible high-speed computer in the world.” The computer was unveiled April 7, 1953, as the IBM 701 Electronic Data Processing Machine.

1954 – Ernest Borgnine made his network television debut in “Night Visitor” on NBC-TV.

1961 – ABC’s “Wide World of Sports” premiered.

1974 – Phil Donahue’s TV show, “Donahue” moved to Chicago, IL.

1974 – U.S. President Nixon announced he was releasing edited transcripts of secretly made White House tape recordings related to the Watergate scandal.

1975 – The U.S. embassy in Vietnam was evacuated as North Vietnamese forces fought their way into Saigon.

1981 – Steve Carlton, of the Philadelphia Phillies, became the first left-handed pitcher in the major leagues to get 3,000 career strikeouts.

1984 – In California, the Diablo Canyon nuclear reactor went online after a long delay due to protests.

1985 – Billy Martin was brought back, for the fourth time, to the position of manager for the New York Yankees.

1986 – Roger Clemens of the Boston Red Sox set a major-league baseball record by striking out 20 Seattle Mariner batters.

1988 – The Baltimore Orioles set a new major league baseball record by losing their first 21 games of the season.

1988 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev promised more religious freedom.

1990 – The destruction of the Berlin Wall began.

1992 – Exxon executive Sidney Reso was kidnapped outside his Morris Township, NJ, home by Arthur Seale. Seale was a former Exxon security official. Reso died while in captivity.

1992 – Rioting began after a jury decision to acquit four Los Angeles policemen in the Rodney King beating trial. 54 people were killed in 3 days.

1994 – Israel and the PLO signed an agreement in Paris which granted Palestinians broad authority to set taxes, control trade and regulate banks under self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.

1996 – Former CIA Director William Colby was missing and presumed drowned after an apparent boating accident in Maryland. Colby’s body was later recovered.

1997 – Staff Sgt. Delmar Simpson, a drill instructor at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland, was convicted of raping six female trainees. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison and was dishonorably discharged.

1997 – Astronaut Jerry Linenger and cosmonaut Vasily Tsibliyev went on the first U.S.-Russian space walk.

1998 – The U.S., Canada and Mexico end tariffs on $1 billion in NAFTA trade.

1998 – Brazil announced a plan to protect a large area of Amazon forest. The area was about the size of Colorado.

2002 – Kelsey Grammer and his production company, Grammnet Inc., were ordered to pay more than $2 million in unpaid commissions to his former talent agency.

2003 – Mr. T (Laurence Tureaud) filed a lawsuit against Best Buy Co. Inc., that claimed the store did not have permission to use his likeness in a print ad.

2009 – NATO expelled two Russian diplomats from NATO headquarters in Brussels over a spy scandal in Estonia. Russia’s Foreign Ministry criticized the expulsions.

2015 – The White Sox beat the Baltimore Orioles 8-2 at Camden Yards. The game was played without a crowd present due to the ongoing riots and protests in Baltimore. This was the first time a Major League Baseball game was played in front of an empty house.

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Barbarians Inside the Gates

“His most damaging contribution to the deep and disturbing social changes rocking our military has been his full-throated support for the integration of women into all — and I mean all — combat positions in the U.S. Marine Corps. Infantry, armor, artillery, recon, special forces — women are now to serve in all these combat branches and not simply in token numbers. This despite the fact that, according to surveys of military women, over 90% have absolutely no desire to serve in combat positions.”

President Obama came into office in 2009 promising “transformation” and he has delivered on that promise. Over the past 7 1/2 years we’ve witnessed billion dollar deficits and the establishment of a highly politicized and inexorably failing health care system (“Obamacare“); the “weaponization” of government agencies (think, IRS, EPA, DOJ) to intimidate and attack his political opponents; the calculated and feckless decline of American power and influence throughout the world; relentless redistributionist policies; and the president’s support (often with a wink and a nod) of thuggish (and sometimes violent) radical groups like “Occupy Wall Street” and “Black Lives Matter.” As a result, America is “on edge” — socially, racially, economically — as it hasn’t been for decades. Indeed, many have reached the sobering insight that America’s best days may now be behind her.

Overlooked by most in Obama’s relentless efforts to “remake” America has been his ongoing and dangerous transformation of our military. Here I am not going address the dozens of weapon systems cut, or the tens of thousands of troops given their “pink slips.” What I want to speak to is his administration’s systematic destruction of the 200+ year-old culture of the U.S. military. This “multicultural makeover,” happening right before our eyes, threatens to undermine the very fabric of our armed forces. The forced acceptance of open homosexuality and the burgeoning hostility toward Christianity; the gratuitous degradation of our troops (e.g., forcing ROTC cadets to march in red high heels to experience what it’s like to be a woman; making male soldiers wear simulated lactation devices, or lecturing them on “white privilege,” dare I go on?); the “full-court press” to make our forces more diverse, most alarmingly by opening up combat positions (even special forces) to female soldiers; and the relentless purging from the ranks of dozens of fine general officers whose only “offense” was their failure to “get with the program” — all of this, like some nightmarish “progressive” Blitzkrieg, is now wreaking havoc with our reluctant service members, the objective being that of a complete and irreversible cultural transformation. What’s next, I wonder — weaponized hair and nail salons on wheels?

One of those leading the charge in the radical mutation of our military culture is Secretary of the Navy, Ray Mabus. The former Democratic governor of Mississippi has enthusiastically spearheaded our president’s plan to weaken — and, ultimately, tear asunder — the bonds of brotherhood that have served our nation so well from Valley Forge to Iwo Jima and Fallujah. To the Bolsheviks now running the show in Washington, D.C., the U.S. military signified the final frontier — the last bastion of (white, heterosexual) alpha male institutional domination that they still needed to extirpate “root and branch” to complete their bewilderingly successful 40-50 year march through our cultural institutions. And Ray Mabus is the president’s point man. Or so it seems. His most damaging contribution to the deep and disturbing social changes rocking our military has been his full-throated support for the integration of women into all — and I mean all — combat positions in the U.S. Marine Corps. Infantry, armor, artillery, recon, special forces — women are now to serve in all these combat branches and not simply in token numbers. This despite the fact that, according to surveys of military women, over 90% have absolutely no desire to serve in combat positions. Yet this is of no consequence to the small cabal of radical feminists and their enablers — they are in control and they will do just what they want to do, for whatever nefarious purpose. In all honesty, do you think that Ray Mabus and his ilk believe a 5’4″ female, weighing 110 pounds, will be able to meet the highly rigorous requirements of combat that today is the sole domain of much larger, much stronger men? Has anyone even considered the hygienic effects of having women serve in the field for weeks on end? And if anyone wants to further explore the history of mixed-gender combat units, simply look at the Israeli example. A catastrophe it was.

When the Marine Corps leadership produced a study making unequivocally clear that all-male units performed significantly better than mixed-gender units, Mabus would have none of it. He “savaged officials who ran the study, accusing them of bias and not wanting women to succeed.” (Source: Jonah Bennett, “Navy Secretary Ray Mabus to Step Down,” 3 March 2016.)

A paragon of political correctness — that evil, sinister twin of Marxist multiculturalism — Mabus is also supported the elimination of that loathsome word “man” from all job titles in the U.S. Navy. There are 21 job titles in the Navy which include the word “man” (e.g., “fireman”), and Navy officials were to report to Mabus by 1 April on what was to be done to efface such “sexist” titles from the vernacular of the Navy. Wonder how that went.

Navy recruiters will now be forced to push diversity at all costs — women and minorities are in, white males are out, regardless of the impact such a policy may have on morale and mission effectiveness. Yet the impact on morale, on fighting qualities, is of little concern to Mabus and his merry band of Bolsheviks, as they turn our armed forces into a lunatic laboratory for the New Marxism — an experiment which may well wreck the Marine Corps (and other service branches) as currently configured, as the final white alpha-male bastion in American society is expunged once and for all. And all in the name of “diversity” — diversity ueber alles.

Not too very long ago, the thought of handing machine guns or grenades to young women and telling them to fight for us would have been met with derision — horror even; indeed, no sentient human being would have entertained such a barbaric thought. Would America have been a greater, a more just nation had several hundred young women — some no doubt pregnant — been among the 1500 American G.I.’s who died on Omaha Beach on 6 June 1944? And, today, any female Marines captured by Islamic State would be systematically tortured, raped and killed; that would be the inevitable result of the gender policies promoted by preternatural fools such as Ray Mabus.

In a larger sense, the cultural evisceration of our military on the altar of multiculturalism, diversity, whatever you want to call it, should surprise no one. At its very core, multiculturalism seeks to destroy — to crush all that is Good, Decent, Moral and Just in our fading Judeo-Christian society. As I said, this sinister process has been underway for decades, yet only now, under Barack Obama, have the Bolsheviks been let loose on our armed forces. Sadly, our military brass have, for the most part, simply stood by and watched as Mabus and his ilk wielded their wrecking balls. I cannot recall the case of a single general who, in an act of moral courage, resigned from the service in protest. Yet there is a fundamental difference between physical and moral courage, is there not?

In recent days, Russian fighter-bombers have done barrel rolls within ca. 30 feet of our planes and ships inside international waters. Such reckless behavior (no doubt part of Putin’s plan to ratchet up the level of intimidation) leaves little to no room for error and focuses one’s mind on the possibility of a tragic international incident, even war. But as the Army chief-of-staff testified recently before the Senate Armed Services Committee, if it ever came to war with Putin’s Russia, we’d most likely get the short end of the stick.

Such is the state of America’s armed forces under Barack Obama and Ray Mabus.

h/t Dr. Craig Luther,  Dr. Craig Luther is a former Fulbright Scholar and served as a civilian historian with the US Air Force for nearly 30 years. He has written several books on German military operations in WW2. His latest book, “Barbarossa Unleashed,” has received international acclaim. Visit his website at Barbarossa1941.com.


England’s Shakespeare and Spain’s Cervantes and The Bible

 

cervants

Miguel de Cervantes fought the Muslim Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, the greatest naval battle in world history.

battle

 

In 1575, he was captured by Muslim Barbary pirates and held as a slave in North Africa for five years.

Miguel de Cervantes was ransomed back the the Catholic Order Trinitarians and returned to Spain.

He wrote, Don Quixote de La Mancha in 1605, which is considered the first modern European novel.

Miguel de Cervantes died on the same day William Shakespeare died, APRIL 23, 1616, though some claim a day earlier.

In fact it was at least eleven days earlier, as Catholic Spain used the Gregorian Calendar and Anglican England used the Julian Calendar.

shakespeare

William Shakespeare was born APRIL 23, 1564.

His 38 plays impacted world literature.

William Shakespeare married Ann Hathaway, had three children, moved to London, and became shareholding director of Globe Theater.

He wrote such classics as Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, King Lear, and A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

In 1591, Shakespeare introduced his play, King Henry the Sixth, in which he wrote in Part II, act II, scene i, line 34:

“Blessed are the peacemakers on earth.”

In King Henry the Sixth, Part II, act II, scene i, line 66, Shakespeare wrote:

“Now, God be praised, that to the believing souls,
Gives light in darkness, comfort in despair!”

In scene iii, line 55, he exclaimed:

“God defend the right!”

In Part III, act V, scene v, line 7, Shakespeare penned:

“So part we sadly in this troublous world,
To meet with joy in sweet Jerusalem.”

William Shakespeare wrote in King Richard the Third, 1592-93, act I, scene iv:

“O, I have passed a miserable night,
So full of ugly sights, of ghastly dreams,
That, as I am a Christian faithful man,
I would not spend another such a night,
Though ’twere to but a world of happy days.”

Shakespeare wrote in King Richard the Third, act I, scene 4:

“Before I be convict by course of law,
To threaten me with death is most unlawful.
I charge you, as you hope for any goodness,
By Christ’s dear blood shed for our grievous sins
That you depart and lay no hands on me.”

In King Richard the Second, 1595-96, act IV, scene i, line 97, Shakespeare wrote:

“Many a time hath banished Norfolk fought
For Jesus Christ in glorious Christian field,
Streaming the ensign of the Christian Cross,
And there at Venice, gave His body to that pleasant country’s earth,
And his pure soul unto his captain Christ,
Under whose colors he had fought so long.”

In King Richard the Second, 1595-96, act IV, scene i, line 170, Shakespeare wrote:

“So Judas did to Christ: but He, in twelve,
Found truth in all but one; I, in twelve thousand, none.
God save the king! Will no man say, amen?”

In King Richard the Second, 1595-96, act IV, scene i, line 239, Shakespeare wrote:

“Some of you with Pilate wash your hands,
Showing an outward pity.”

In the play, The Merchant of Venice, act I, scene ii, line 59, Shakespeare penned:

“God made him, and therefore let him pass for a man.”

In The Merchant of Venice, act I, scene iii, line 99, Shakespeare wrote:

“Mark you this, Bassanio:
The devil can cite Scripture for his own purpose.
An evil soul, producing holy witness,
Is like a villain with a smiling cheek,
A goodly apple rotten at the heart.”

In The Merchant of Venice, act IV, scene i, line 184, Shakespeare wrote:

“The quality of mercy is not strained,
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
Upon the place beneath: it is twice blessed;
It blessed him that gives and him that takes:

Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes
The throned monarch better than his crown;
His scepter shows the force of temporal power,
The attribute to awe and majesty,
Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings,

But mercy is above this sceptered sway,
It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
It is an attribute to God himself,
And earthly power doth then show likest God’s
When mercy seasons justice.

Therefore… Though justice be thy plea, consider this,
That in the course of justice, none of us
Should see salvation: we do pray for mercy,
And that same prayer doth teach us all to render
The deeds of mercy.”

In his play, King Henry the Fourth, Part I, act i, scene 1, line 18, published in 1598, Shakespeare wrote:

“Therefore friends,
As far as to the sepulchre of Christ,
Whose soldier now, under whose blessed cross
We are impressed and engaged to fight….
To chase these pagans in those holy fields.
Over whose acres walk’d those blessed feet,
Which fourteen hundred years ago were nail’d
For our advantage on the bitter cross.”

In King Henry the Fifth, 1598-1600, act III, scene vi, line 181, William Shakespeare wrote:

“We are in God’s hand.”

In King Henry the Fifth, 1598-1600, act IV, scene i, line 309, Shakespeare wrote:

“O God of battles! steel my soldiers’ hearts;
Possess them not with fear; take from them now
The sense of reckoning, if the opposed numbers
Pluck their hearts from them.”

In Hamlet, 1600-01, act I, scene I, Shakespeare wrote:

“Some say – that ever ‘gainst that season comes
Wherein our Saviour’s birth is celebrated
The bird of dawning singeth all night long.”

In Hamlet, 1600-01, act III, scene i, line 150, Shakespeare wrote:

“I have heard of your paintings too, well enough;
God has given you one face, and you make yourselves another.”

In Hamlet, 1600-01, act III, iv, line 149, Shakespeare wrote:

“Confess yourself to heaven;
Repent what’s past; avoid what is to come.”

In Hamlet, 1600-01, act V, scene i, line 84, Shakespeare wrote:

“A politician…one that would circumvent God.”

In Hamlet, act v, scene ii, Shakespeare wrote:

“Now cracks a noble heart. Good night, sweet prince,
And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest!”

William Shakespeare wrote in Othello, 1604-05, act I, scene i, line 108:

“You are one of those that will not serve God if the devil bid you.”

In Othello, 1604-05, act II, scene iii, line 106, Shakespeare wrote:

“Well, God’s above all;
and there be souls must be saved,
and there be souls must not be saved.”

In Othello, 1604-05, act II, scene iii, line 293, Shakespeare wrote:

“O God! that men should put an enemy in their mouths to steal away their brains;
that we should, with joy, pleasance, revel, and applause, transform ourselves into beasts.”

William Shakespeare wrote in King Henry the Eighth, 1613, act III, scene ii, line 456:

“Had I but served my God with half the zeal I served my king, he would not in mine age Have left me naked to mine enemies.”

William Shakespeare remarked:

“God’s goodness hath been great to thee;
Let never day nor night unhallowed pass,
But still remember what the Lord hath done.”

Nine years after the founding of Jamestown, Virginia, William Shakespeare died on APRIL 23, 1616.

Only 52 years old at his death, William Shakespeare wrote in his Will:

“In the name of God, Amen! I, William Shakespeare, of Stratford-upon-Avon, in the county of Warr., gent., in perfect health and memory, God be praised, do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and form following, that is to say,

First, I commend my soul into the hands of God, my Creator, hoping and assuredly believing, through the only merits of Jesus Christ, my Saviour, to be made partaker of life everlasting, and my body to the earth whereof it is made.”

Carved on Shakespeare’s tomb in Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-on-Avon, England, is:

“Good Friend For Jesus Sake Forbeare,
To Digg The Dust Enclosed Heare.
Blese Be Ye Man Spares Thes Stones,
And Curst Be He Moves My Bones.”

Woodrow Wilson stated at the Tercentenary Celebration of the Translation of the Bible into the English Language, May 7, 1911:

“How like to the Scripture is all great literature! What is it that entrances us when we read or witness a play of Shakespeare?

It is the consciousness that this man, this all-observing mind, saw men of every cast and kind as they were in their habits, as they lived.

And as passage succeeds passage we seem to see the characters of ourselves and our friends portrayed by this ancient writer, and a play of Shakespeare is just as modern to-day as upon the day it was penned and first enacted.

And the Bible is without age or date or time. It is a picture of the human heart displayed for all ages and for all sorts and conditions of men.”

U.S. District Court decision Crockett v. Sorenson (W.D. Va. 1983) stated:

“The First Amendment was never intended to insulate our public institutions from any mention of God, the Bible or religion…

Some of the better known works which rely heavily on allusions from the Bible include…THE PLAYS OF SHAKESPEARE, especially Measure for Measure;…

Secular education imposes immediate demands that the student have a good knowledge of the Bible…

A basic background in the Bible is essential to fully appreciate and understand both Western culture and current events.”ever intended to insulate our public institutions from any mention of God, the Bible or religion…

Some of the better known works which rely heavily on allusions from the Bible include…THE PLAYS OF SHAKESPEARE, especially Measure for Measure;…

Secular education imposes immediate demands that the student have a good knowledge of the Bible…

A basic background in the Bible is essential to fully appreciate and understand both Western culture and current events.”

h/t William J Federer


Today in History – April 23

1348 – The first English order of knighthood was founded. It was the Order of the Garter.

1500 – Pedro Cabal claimed Brazil for Portugal.

1521 – The Comuneros were crushed by royalist troops in Spain.

1616 – Miguel de Cervantes and it has been said William Shakespeare died on this day as well. However, it is accepted that Shakespeare died 11 days earlier, as Catholic Spain used the Gregorian Calendar and Anglican England still used the old Julian Calendar.

1635 – The Boston Public Latin School was established. It was the first public school building in the United States.

1759 – The British seized Basse-Terre and Guadeloupe in the Antilies from France.

1789 – U.S. President George Washington moved into Franklin House, New York. It was the first executive mansion.

1789 – “Courier De Boston” was published for the first time. It was the first Roman Catholic magazine in the U.S.

1826 – Missolonghi fell to Egyptian forces.

1861 – Arkansas troops seized Fort Smith.

1872 – Charlotte E. Ray became the African-American woman lawyer.

1895 – Russia, France, and Germany forced Japan to return the Liaodong peninsula to China.

1896 – The Vitascope system for projecting movies onto a screen was demonstrated in New York City.

1900 – The word “hillbilly” was first used in print in an article in the “New York Journal.” It was spelled “Hill-Billie”.

1908 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signed an act creating the U.S. Army Reserve.

1915 – The A.C.A. became the National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA).

1920 – The Turkish Grand National Assembly had its first meeting in Ankara.

1921 – Charles Paddock set a record time in the 300-meter track event when he posted a time of 33.2 seconds.

1924 – The U.S. Senate passed the Soldiers Bonus Bill.

1945 – The Soviet Army fought its way into Berlin.

1948 – Johnny Longden became the first race jockey to ride 3,000 career winners.

1950 – Chaing evacuated Hainan, leaving mainland China to Mao and the communists.

1951 – The Associated Press began use of the new service of teletype setting.

1954 – Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves hit his first major-league home run on this day.

1964 – Ken Johnson (Houston Astros) threw the first no-hitter for a loss. The game was lost 1-0 to the Cincinnati Reds due to two errors.

1967 – The Soyuz 1 was launched by Russia.

1968 – The Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church merged to form the United Methodist Church.

1971 – The Soyuz 10 was launched.

1981 – The Soviet Union conducted an underground nuclear test at their Semipaltinsk (Kazakhstan) test site.

1982 – The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that consumer prices declined the previous month (March). It was the first decline in almost 17 years.

1985 – The Coca-Cola Company announced that it was changing its 99-year-old secret formula. New Coke was not successful, which resulted in the resumption of selling the original version.

1985 – The U.S. House rejected $14 million in aid to Nicaragua.

1988 – A U.S. federal law took effect that banned smoking on flights that were under two hours.

1988 – In Martinez, CA, a drain valve was left open at the Shell Marsh. More than 10,000 barrels of oil poured into the marsh adjoining Peyton Slough.

1988 – Kanellos Kanelopoulos set three world records for human-powered flight when he stayed in the air for 74 miles and four hours in his pedal-powered “Daedalus”.

1989 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar played his last regular season game in the NBA.

1996 – An auction of the late Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis’ possessions began at Sotheby’s in New York City. The sale brought in #34.5 million.

1997 – An infertility doctor in California announced that a 63-year-old woman had given birth in late 1996. The child was from a donor egg. The woman is the oldest known woman to give birth.

1999 – In Washington, DC, the heads of state and government of the 19 NATO nations celebrated the organization’s 50th anniversary.

2003 – U.S. President George W. Bush signed legislation that authorized the design change of the 5-cent coin (nickel) for release in 2004. It was the first change to the coin in 65 years. The change, to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase, was planned to run for only two years before returning to the previous design.

2004 – U.S. President George W. Bush eased sanctions against Libya in return for Moammar Gadhafi’s agreement to give up weapons of mass destruction.

2005 – The first video was uploaded to YouTube.com.

2009 – The iTunes Music Store reached 1 billion applications downloaded.


Today in History – April 22

1500 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil.

1509 – Henry VIII ascended to the throne of England upon the death of his father Henry VII.

1529 – Spain and Portugal divided the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragosa.

1745 – The Peace of Fussen was signed, restoring the status quo of Germany.

1792 – U.S. President George Washington proclaimed American neutrality in the war in Europe.

1861 – Robert E. Lee was named commander of Virginia forces.

1864 – The U.S. Congress passed legislation that allowed the inscription “In God We Trust” to be included on one-cent and two-cent coins.

1876 – The first official National League (NL) baseball game took place. Boston beat Philadelphia 6-5.

1889 – At noon, the Oklahoma land rush officially started as thousands of Americans raced for new, unclaimed land.

1898 – The first shot of the Spanish-American war occurred when the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship.

1914 – Babe Ruth made his pitching debut with the Baltimore Orioles.

1915 – At the Second Battle Ypres the Germans became the first country to use poison gas.

1915 – The New York Yankees wore pinstripes and the hat-in-the-ring logo for the first time.

1918 – British naval forces attempted to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeeburgge.

1930 – The U.S., Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding.

1931 – Egypt signed the treaty of friendship with Iraq.

1931 – James G. Ray landed an autogyro on the lawn of the White House.

1944 – During World War II, the Allies launched a major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea.

1952 – An atomic test conducted in Nevada was the first nuclear explosion shown on live network television.

1954 – The U.S. Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began.

1967 – Randy Matson set a new world record with a shot put toss of 71 feet, and 5 1/2 inches in College Station, TX.

1970 – The first “Earth Day” was observed by millions of Americans.

1976 – Barbara Walters became first female nightly network news anchor.

1987 – The American Physical Society said that the “Star Wars” missile system was “highly questionable” and would take ten years to research.

1993 – The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, DC.

1997 – In Lima, Peru government commandos storm and capture the residence of the Japanese ambassador ending a 126-day hostage crisis. In the rescue 71 hostages were saved. Those killed: one hostage (of a heart attack), two soldiers, and all 14 rebels.

1999 – The Watson Family received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

2000 – Elian Gonzalez was reunited with his father. He had to be taken from his Miami relatives by U.S. agents in a predawn raid.

2000 – ABC-TV aired a small portion of the Clinton-DiCaprio interview.

2002 – Filippino President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo ordered a state of emergency in the city of General Santos in response to a series of bombing attacks the day before. The attacks were blamed on Muslim extremists.

2010 – The Boeing X-37 began its first orbital mission. It successfully returned to Earth on December 3, 2010.


Prince

Prince found dead today.
images4J8LQPXI

The Beatles producer George Martin, David Bowie, Glenn Frey, Merle Haggard and Prince have passed from this world in 2016 and it’s only April.

I definitely was a fan. He certainly seemed a bit odd, but like most people who are a close to genius at their craft……Mozart – a genius, Prince probably not but certainly mega-talented, prolific, daring and fun. He played arguably the greatest power-ballad guitar solo in history (“Purple Rain”), and his solo on an all-star performance of “While My Guitar Gently Weeps” during George Harrison’s Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction in 2004 had jaws on the floor.

His mega hit song “Let’s Go Crazy” — the one that begins that begins like a funeral:

Dearly beloved
We are gathered here today
To get through this thing called life

Prince sang about “the after world/A world of never ending happiness/You can always see the sun, day or night.” And “instead of asking… how much of your time is left,” you should ask “how much of your mind” you’ve got left. That’s the song where he said “if the elevator tries to bring you down/Go crazy, punch a higher floor.”

He punched a higher floor.


Today in History – April 19

1012 – Aelfheah was murdered by Danes who had been ravaging the south of England. Aelfhear became the 29th Archbishop of Canterbury in 1005.

1539 – Emperor Charles V reached a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany.

1587 – English admiral Sir Francis Drake entered Cadiz harbor and sank the Spanish fleet.

1689 – Residents of Boston ousted their governor, Edmond Andros.

1713 – Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI issued the Pragmatic Sanction, which gave women the rights of succession to Hapsburg possessions.

1764 – The English Parliament banned the American colonies from printing paper money.

1770 – Captain James Cook discovered New South Wales, Australia. Cook originally named the land Point Hicks.

1775 – The American Revolution began as fighting broke out at Lexington, MA.

1782 – The Netherlands recognized the new United States.

1794 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko forced the Russians out of Warsaw.

1802 – The Spanish reopened the New Orleans port to American merchants.

1839 – The Kingdom of Belgium was recognized by all the states of Europe when the Treaty of London was signed.

1852 – The California Historical Society was founded.

1861 – Thaddeus S. C. Lowe sailed 900 miles in nine hours in a hot air balloon from Cincinnati, OH, to Unionville, SC.

1861 – The Baltimore riots resulted in four Union soldiers and nine civilians killed.

1861 – U.S. President Lincoln ordered a blockade of Confederate ports.

1892 – The Duryea gasoline buggy was introduced in the U.S. by Charles and Frank Duryea.

1897 – The first annual Boston Marathon was held. It was the first of its type in the U.S.

1927 – In China, Hankow communists declared war on Chaing Kai-shek.

1933 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a proclamation that removed the U.S. from the gold standard.

1938 – General Francisco Franco declared victory in the Spanish Civil War.

1939 – Connecticut approved the Bill of Rights for the U.S. Constitution after 148 years.

1943 – The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule began. The Jews were able to fight off the Germans for 28 days.

1951 – General Douglas MacArthur gave his “Old Soldiers” speech before the U.S. Congress after being relieved by U.S. President Truman. In the address General MacArthur said that “Old soldiers never die, they just fade away.”

1951 – Shigeki Tanaka won the Boston Marathon. Tanaka had survived the atomic blast at Hiroshima, Japan during World War II.

1956 – Actress Grace Kelly became Princess Grace of Monaco when she married Prince Rainier III of Monaco. The civil ceremony took place on April 18.

1958 – The San Francisco Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers played the first major league baseball game on the West Coast.

1960 – Baseball uniforms began displaying player’s names on their backs.

1967 – Surveyor 3 landed on the moon and began sending photos back to the U.S.

1971 – Russia launched the Salyut into orbit around Earth. It was the first space station.

1975 – India launched its first satellite with aid from the USSR.

1977 – Alex Haley received a special Pulitzer Prize for his book “Roots.”

1981 – In Davao, Philippines, thirteen people were killed when members of the New People’s Army threw hand grenades into the Roman Catholic cathedral during Easter services.

1982 – NASA named Sally Ride to be first woman astronaut.

1982 – NASA named Guion S. Bluford Jr. as the first African-American astronaut.

1982 – The U.S. announced a ban on U.S. tourist and business traval to Cuba. The U.S. charged the Cuban government with subversion in Central America.

1987 – In Phoenix, AZ, skydiver Gregory Robertson went into a 200-mph free-fall to save an unconscious colleague 3,500 feet from the ground.

1987 – The last California condor known to be in the wild was captured and placed in a breeding program at the San Diego Wild Animal Park.

1989 – A gun turret exploded aboard the USS Iowa. 47 sailors were killed.

1989 – A giant asteroid passed within 500,000 miles of Earth.

1989 – In El Salvador, Attorney General Alvadora was killed by a car bomb.

1993 – The Branch-Davidian’s compound in Waco, TX, burned to the ground. It was the end of a 51-day standoff between the cult and U.S. federal agents. 86 people were killed including 17 children. Nine of the Branch Davidians escaped the fire.

1994 – A Los Angeles jury awarded $3.8 million to Rodney King for violation of his civil rights.

1995 – The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, OK, was destroyed by a bomb. It was the worst bombing on U.S. territory. 168 people were killed including 19 children, and 500 were injured. Timothy McVeigh was found guilty of the bombing on June 2, 1997.

1998 – Wang Dan, a leader of 1989 Tienanmen Square pro democracy protests, was freed by the Chinese government.

2000 – The Oklahoma City National Memorial was dedicated on the fifth anniversary of the bombing in Oklahoma that killed 168 people.

2000 – Letters written by Greta Garbo were put on exhibit. The letters were made public ten years after Garbo’s death.

2000 – In the Philippines, Air Philippines GAP 541 crashed while preparing to land. 131 people were killed.

2002 – The USS Cole was relaunched. In Yemen, 17 sailors were killed when the ship was attacked by terrorists on October 12, 2000. The attack was blamed on Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaida network.