1096 – Peter the Hermit’s crusaders forced their way across Sava, Hungary.
1243 – The Seljuk Turkish army in Asia Minor was wiped out by the Mongols.
1483 – Richard III usurped himself to the English throne.
1794 – The French defeated an Austrian army at the Battle of Fleurus.
1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition reached the mouth of the Kansas River after completing a westward trek of nearly 400 river miles.
1819 – The bicycle was patented by W.K. Clarkson, Jr.
1844 – John Tyler took Julia Gardiner as his bride, thus becoming the first U.S. President to marry while in office.
1870 – The first section of the boardwalk in Atlantic City, NJ, was opened to the public.
1894 – The American Railway Union called a general strike in sympathy with Pullman workers.
1900 – The United States announced that it would send troops to fight against the Boxer rebellion in China.
1900 – A commission that included Dr. Walter Reed began the fight against the deadly disease yellow fever.
1907 – Russia’s nobility demanded drastic measures to be taken against revolutionaries.
1908 – Shah Muhammad Ali’s forces squelched the reform elements of Parliament in Persia.
1917 – General John “Black Jack” Pershing arrived in France with the American Expeditionary Force.
1925 – Charlie Chaplin’s comedy “The Gold Rush” premiered in Hollywood.
1926 – A memorial to the first U.S. troops in France was unveiled at St. Nazaire.
1924 – After eight years of occupation, American troops left the Dominican Republic.
1927 – The Coney Island Cyclone roller coaster opened in New York.
1936 – The Focke-Wulf Fw 61 made its first flight. It is often considered the first practical helicopter.
1942 – The Grumman F6F Hellcat fighter was flown for the first time.
1945 – The U.N. Charter was signed by 50 nations in San Francisco, CA.
1948 – The Berlin Airlift began as the U.S., Britain and France started ferrying supplies to the isolated western sector of Berlin.
1951 – The Soviet Union proposed a cease-fire in the Korean War.
1959 – CBS journalist Edward R. Murrow interviewed Lee Remick. It was his 500th and final guest on “Person to Person.”
1959 – U.S. President Eisenhower joined Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II in ceremonies officially opening the St. Lawrence Seaway.
1961 – A Kuwaiti vote opposed Iraq’s annexation plans.
1963 – U.S. President John Kennedy announced “Ich bin ein Berliner” (I am a Berliner) at the Berlin Wall.
1971 – The U.S. Justice Department issued a warrant for Daniel Ellsberg, accusing him of giving away the Pentagon Papers.
1975 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency due to “deep and widespread conspiracy.”
1976 – The CN (Canadian National) Tower in Toronto, Canada, opened.
1979 – Muhammad Ali, at 37 years old, announced that he was retiring as world heavyweight boxing champion.
1981 – In Mountain Home, Idaho, Virginia Campbell took her coupons and rebates and bought $26,460 worth of groceries. She only paid 67 cents after all the discounts.
1985 – Wilbur Snapp was ejected after playing “Three Blind Mice” during a baseball game. The incident followed a call made by umpire Keith O’Connor.
1987 – The movie “Dragnet” opened in the U.S.
1996 – The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the Virginia Military Institute to admit women or forgo state support.
1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court struck down the Communications Decency Act of 1996 that made it illegal to distribute indecent material on the Internet.
1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld state laws that allow for a ban on doctor-assisted suicides.
1998 – The U.S. and Peru open school to train commandos to patrol Peru’s rivers for drug traffickers.
1998 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that employers are always potentially liable for supervisor’s sexual misconduct toward an employee.
2000 – The Human Genome Project and Celera Genomics Corp. jointly announced that they had created a working draft of the human genome.
2000 – Indonesia’s President Abdurrahman Wahid declared a state of emergency in the Moluccas due to the escalation of fighting between Christians and Muslims.
2001 – Ray Bourque (Colorado Avalanche) announced his retirement just 17 days after winning his first Stanley Cup. Bouque retired after 22 years and held the NHL record for highest-scoring defenseman and playing in 19 consecutive All-Star games.
2002 – David Hasseloff checked into The Betty Ford Center for treatment of alcoholism.
2002 – WorldCom Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.