Today in History – May 30

1416 – Jerome of Prague was burned as a heretic by the Church.

1431 – Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in Rouen, France, at the age of 19.

1527 – The University of Marburg was founded in Germany.

1539 – Hernando de Soto, the Spanish explorer, landed in Florida with 600 soldiers to search for gold.

1783 – The first daily newspaper was published in the U.S. by Benjamin Towner called “The Pennsylvania Evening Post”

1814 – The First Treaty of Paris was declared, which returned France to its 1792 borders.

1848 – W.G. Young patented the ice cream freezer.

1854 – The U.S. territories of Nebraska and Kansas were established.

1868 – Memorial Day was observed widely for the first time in the U.S.

1879 – William Vanderbilt renamed New York City’s Gilmore’s Garden to Madison Square Garden.

1883 – Twelve people were trampled to death in New York City in a stampede when a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was in danger of collapsing occurred.

1896 – The first automobile accident occurred in New York City.

1903 – In Riverdale, NY, the first American motorcycle hill climb was held.

1911 – Ray Harroun won the first Indianapolis 500. At the time, it was known as International 500-Mile Sweepstakes Race. Harroun’s average speed was 74.59 miles per hour.

1912 – The U.S. Marines were sent to Nicaragua to protect American interests.

1913 – The First Balkan War ended.

1921 – The U.S. Navy transferred the Teapot Dome oil reserves to the Department of the Interior.

1922 – The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, DC.

1933 – Sally Rand introduced her exotic and erotic fan dance to audiences at Chicago’s Century of Progress Exposition.

1943 – American forces secured the Aleutian island of Attu from the Japanese during World War II.

1958 – Unidentified soldiers killed in World War II and the Korean conflicts were buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

1967 – Daredevil Evel Knievel jumped 16 automobiles in a row in a motorcycle stunt at Ascot Speedway in Gardena, CA.

1967 – The state of Biafra seceded from Nigeria and Civil war erupted.

1971 – Mariner 9, the American deep space probe blasted off on a journey to Mars.

1981 – In Chittagong, Bangladesh, President Ziaur Rahman was assassinated.

1982 – Spain became the 16th NATO member. Spain was the first country to enter the Western alliance since West Germany in 1955.

1983 – Peru’s President Fernando Belaunde Terry declared a state of emergency and suspended civil rights after bombings by leftist rebels.

1989 – The “Goddess of Democracy” statue (33 feet height) was erected in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.

1996 – Britain’s Prince Andrew and the former Sarah Ferguson were granted an uncontested decree ending their 10-year marriage.

1997 – Jesse K. Timmendequas was convicted in Trenton, NJ, of raping and strangling a 7-year-old neighbor, Megan Kanka. The 1994 murder inspired “Megan’s Law,” requiring that communities be notified when sex offenders move in.

1998 – A powerful earthquake hit northern Afghanistan killing up to 5,000.

2003 – Peter Jennings was sworn in as a U.S. citizen.

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