Monthly Archives: March 2015

Today in History – March 30

1533 – Henry VIII divorced his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

1814 – The allied European nations against Napoleon marched into Paris.

1822 – Florida became a U.S. territory.

1842 – Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the first operation while his patient was anesthetized by ether.

1855 – About 5,000 “Border Ruffians” from western Missouri invaded the territory of Kansas and forced the election of a pro-slavery legislature. It was the first election in Kansas.

1858 – Hyman L. Lipman of Philadelphia patented the pencil.

1867 – The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million dollars.

1870 – The 15th amendment, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, was passed by the U.S. Congress.

1870 – Texas was readmitted to the Union.

1903 – Revolutionary activity in the Dominican Republic brought U.S. troops to Santo Domingo to protect American interests.

1905 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was chosen to mediate in the Russo-Japanese peace talks.

1909 – The Queensboro bridge in New York opened linking Manhattan and Queens. It was the first double decker bridge.

1909 – In Oklahoma, Seminole Indians revolted against meager pay for government jobs.

1916 – Pancho Villa killed 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico.

1936 – Britain announced a naval construction program of 38 warships.

1939 – The comic book “Detective Comics #27” appeared on newstands. This comic introduced Batman.

1940 – The Japanese set up a puppet government called Manchuko in Nanking, China.

1941 – The German Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel began its first offensive against British forces in Libya.

1944 – The U.S. fleet attacked Palau, near the Philippines.

1945 – The U.S.S.R. invaded Austria during World War II.

1946 – The Allies seized 1,000 Nazis attempting to revive the Nazi party in Frankfurt.

1947 – Lord Mountbatten arrived in India as the new Viceroy.

1950 – The invention of the phototransistor was announced.

1950 – U.S. President Truman denounced Senator Joe McCarthy as a saboteur of U.S. foreign policy.

1957 – Tunisia and Morocco signed a friendship treaty in Rabat.

1958 – The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater gave its initial performance.

1964 – “Jeopardy” debuted on NBC-TV.

1964 – John Glenn withdrew from the Ohio race for U.S. Senate because of injuries suffered in a fall.

1970 – “Applause” opened on Broadway.

1970 – “Another World – Somerset” debuted on NBC-TV.

1972 – The British government assumed direct rule over Northern Ireland.

1972 – The Eastertide Offensive began when North Vietnamese troops crossed into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) in the northern portion of South Vietnam.

1975 – As the North Vietnamese forces moved toward Saigon South Vietnamese soldiers mob rescue jets in desperation.

1981 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan was shot and wounded in Washington, DC, by John W. Hinckley Jr. Two police officers and Press Secretary James Brady were also wounded.

1982 – The space shuttle Columbia completed its third and its longest test flight after 8 days in space.

1984 – The U.S. ended its participation in the multinational peace force in Lebanon.

1987 – Vincent Van Gogh’s “Sunflowers” was bought for $39.85 million.

1993 – In Sarajevo, two Serb militiamen were sentenced to death for war crimes committed in Bosnia.

1993 – In the Peanuts comic strip, Charlie Brown hit his first home run.

1994 – Serbs and Croats signed a cease-fire to end their war in Croatia while Bosnian Muslims and Serbs continued to fight each other.

1998 – Rolls-Royce was purchased by BMW in a $570 million deal.

2002 – An unmanned U.S. spy plan crashed at sea in the Southern Philippines.

2002 – Suspected Islamic militants set off several grenades at a temple in Indian-controlled Kashmir. Four civilians, four policemen and two attackers were killed and 20 people were injured.


Today in History – March 29

1461 – Edward IV secured his claim to the English thrown by defeating Henry VI’s Lancastrians at the battle of Towdon.

1638 – First permanent European settlement in Delaware was established.

1847 – U.S. troops under General Winfield Scott took possession of the Mexican stronghold at Vera Cruz.

1848 – Niagara Falls stopped flowing for one day due to an ice jam.

1867 – The British Parliament passed the North America Act to create the Dominion of Canada.

1882 – The Knights of Columbus organization was granted a charter by the State of Connecticut.

1901 – The first federal elections were held in Australia.

1903 – A regular news service began between New York and London on Marconi’s wireless.

1906 – In the U.S., 500,000 coal miners walked off the job seeking higher wages.

1913 – The Reichstag announced a raise in taxes in order to finance the new military budget.

1916 – The Italians call off the fifth attack on Isonzo.

1932 – Jack Benny made his radio debut.

1936 – Italy firebombed the Ethiopian city of Harar.

1941 – The British sank five Italian warships off the Peloponnesus coast in the Mediterranean.

1943 – In the U.S. rationing of meat, butter and cheese began during World War II.

1946 – Fiorella LaGuardia became the director general of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Organization.

1946 – Gold Coast became the first British colony to hold an African parliamentary majority.

1951 – The Chinese reject MacArthur’s offer for a truce in Korea.

1951 – In the United States, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. They were executed in June 19, 1953.

1961 – The 23rd amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The amendment allowed residents of Washington, DC, to vote for president.

1962 – Cuba opened the trial of the Bay of Pigs invaders.

1962 – Jack Paar made his final appearance on the “Tonight” show.

1966 – Leonid Brezhnev became the First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party. He denounced the American policy in Vietnam and called it one of aggression.

1967 – France launched its first nuclear submarine.

1971 – Lt. William Calley Jr., of the U.S. Army, was found guilty of the premeditated murder of at least 22 Vietnamese civilians. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. The trial was the result of the My Lai massacre in Vietnam on March 16, 1968.

1971 – A jury in Los Angeles recommended the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers for the 1969 Tate-La Bianca murders. The death sentences were later commuted to live in prison.

1973 – “Hommy,” the Puerto Rican version of the rock opera “Tommy,” opened in New York City.

1973 – The last U.S. troops left South Vietnam.

1974 – Mariner 10, the U.S. space probe became the first spacecraft to reach the planet Mercury. It had been launched on November 3, 1973.

1974 – Eight Ohio National Guardsmen were indicted on charges stemming from the shooting deaths of four students at Kent State University on May 4, 1970. All the guardsmen were later acquitted.

1975 – Egyptian president Anwar Sadat declared that he would reopen the Suez Canal on June 5, 1975.

1979 – The Committee on Assassinations Report issued by U.S. House of Representatives stated the assassination of President John F. Kennedy was the result of a conspiracy.

1982 – The soap opera “Search for Tomorrow” changed from CBS to NBC.

1986 – A court in Rome acquitted six men in a plot to kill the Pope.

1987 – Hulk Hogan took 11 minutes, 43 seconds to pin Andre the Giant in front of 93,136 at Wrestlemania III fans at the Silverdome in Pontiac, MI.

1992 – Democratic presidential front-runner Bill Clinton said “I didn’t inhale and I didn’t try it again” in reference to when he had experimented with marijuana.

1993 – The South Korean government agreed to pay financial support to women who had been forced to have sex with Japanese troops during World War II.

1993 – Clint Eastwood won his first Oscars. He won them for best film and best director for the film “Unforgiven.”

1995 – The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a constitutional amendment that would have limited terms to 12 years in the U.S. House and Senate.

1998 – Tennessee won the woman’s college basketball championship over Louisiana. Tennessee had set a NCAA record with regular season record or 39-0.

1999 – At least 87 people died in an earthquake in India’s Himalayan foothills.

1999 – The Dow Jones industrial average closed above the 10,000 mark for the first time.

2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia became members of NATO.


The Real Meaning of ‘Allahu Akbar’

Two of the greater minds around today  and  get together on  The Glazov Gang….an interview with Daniel Greenfield – “The Real Meaning of ‘Allahu Akbar'”. Here’s a taste of Mr. Greenfield’s superb insight……………

“Allahu Akbar is translated as God is Great to render it more acceptable to readers. But like so many Islamic translations, it’s right enough to be wrong. Allahu Akbar doesn’t mean Allah is Great, in a “Isn’t ‘Allah and the Virgins of Paradise’ a great band”. It’s more like Allah is Greatest or Superior. And if you’re on the right side of the cockpit door, the one doing the shouting ‘Allahu Akbar’ means that Allah is superior to your country and to you. And one of his followers is about to do his best to show you why.”

……….”Islam is that utter submission. A frustrated act of individual suicide that in the case of a suicide bomber involves actual death. But by dying, he proves himself immortal in the collective. When Muslims boast that they don’t fear death, and even demonstrate it by committing suicide, what they are really doing is embracing a collective existence, by rejecting individualism they shout their omnipotence. The individual killing himself to become immortal is one of the perverse paradoxes of tyranny. And it lies at the heart of Islam.”

Daniel tells us that unlike in Christianity and Judaism where martyrdom means death and suffering thru their faith, for their faith, all the while keeping their faith, but in Islam the martyrs are the killers. Islamic martyrdom isn’t dying for your faith, it’s killing for your faith. That it isn’t about faith but about power, about supremacy, colonialism, conquest and imperialism. We are experiencing a religion disguised as a power philosophy that’s advancing its philosophy at our expense.

Enjoy………..


Today in History – March 27

1794 – The U.S. Congress authorized the creation of the U.S. Navy.

1802 – The Treaty of Amiens was signed ending the French Revolutionary War.

1836 – In Goliad, TX, about 350 Texan prisoners, including their commander James Fannin, were executed under orders from Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna. An estimated 30 Texans escaped execution.

1836 – The first Mormon temple was dedicated in Kirtland, OH.

1841 – The first steam fire engine was tested in New York City.

1860 – The corkscrew was patented by M.L. Byrn.

1866 – U.S. President Andrew Johnson vetoed the civil rights bill, which later became the 14th amendment.

1884 – The first long-distance telephone call was made from Boston to New York.

1899 – The first international radio transmission between England and France was achieved by the Italian inventor G. Marconi.

1900 – The London Parliament passed the War Loan Act that gave 35 million pounds to the Boer War cause in South Africa.

1900 – The Russian army mobilized 250,000 troops for active duty.

1901 – Filipino rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo was captured by the U.S.

1904 – Mary Jarris “Mother” Jones was ordered by Colorado state authorities to leave the state. She was accused of stirring up striking coal miners.

1907 – French troops occupied Oudja, Morocco, as a punitive action for the murder of French Dr. Muchamp.

1912 – The first cherry blossom trees were planted in Washington, DC. The trees were a gift from Japan.

1917 – The Seattle Metropolitans, of the Pacific Coast League of Canada, defeated the Montreal Canadiens and became the first U.S. hockey team to win the Stanley Cup.

1931 – Actor Charlie Chaplin received France’s Legion of Honor decoration.

1933 – About 55,000 people staged a protest against Hitler in New York City.

1933 – In the U.S., the Farm Credit Administration was authorized.

1941 – Tokeo Yoshikawa arrived in Oahu, HI, and began spying for Japan on the U.S. Fleet at Pearl Harbor.

1942 – The British raided the Nazi submarine base at St. Nazaire, France.

1946 – Four-month long strikes at both General Electric and General Motors ended with a wage increase.

1952 – The U.S. Eighth Army reached the 38th parallel in Korea, the original dividing line between the two Koreas.

1955 – Steve McQueen made his network TV debut on “Goodyear Playhouse.”

1958 – Nikita Khrushchev became the chairman of the Soviet Council of Ministers in addition to First Secretary of the Communist Party.

1958 – The U.S. announced a plan to explore space near the moon.

1976 – Washington, DC, opened its subway system.

1985 – Billy Dee Williams received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1988 – The U.S. Senate ratified the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.

1989 – The U.S. anti-missile satellite failed the first test in space.

1993 – In China, Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin was appointed President.

1997 – Russian workers, nearly 2 million, held a nationwide strike to protest unpaid wages.

1997 – In Australia, Governor-General William Deane signed a bill to overturn a 1996 Northern Territory act to legalize assisted suicides. The 1996 act was the first in the world to permit assisted suicides.

1998 – In the U.S., the FDA approved the prescription drug Viagra. It was the first pill for male impotence.

1998 – Top civilian aircraft makers in France, Spain, Germany and Britain agreed to create single European aerospace and defense company.

2004 – NASA successfully launched an unpiloted X-43A jet that hit Mach 7 (about 5,000 mph).

2007 – NFL owners voted to make instant replay a permanent officiating tool.


The Middle East is Turning Into One Big Civil War

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Egypt is bombing Jihadists in Libya. Saudi Arabia is bombing Iran-backed Houthis in Yemen. Yemen has always been Saudi Arabia’s backyard so this development is inevitable. Not much needs to be said about Syria and Iraq’s meltdown.

But really most middle eastern countries not named Israel are a step away from turning into Lebanon. The region is boiling down into one big civil war. The handful of big players clumsily trying to benefit/control the situation, Egypt, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Iran, are themselves unstable and suffer from religious and ethnic imbalances that can explode at any time.

That’s one reason why they keep intervening in other countries. That’s the Iraqi lesson.

Much of this is due to the Arab Spring. And the larger outgrowth of Obama’s policies. The US served as a source of stability in the region. The region wasn’t that stable, but the wheels stayed on. Now the wheels are coming off. And the worst case scenarios are troubling.

Egypt has failed to stabilize Libya despite having one of the best militaries in the region. Iran, Turkey and Qatar are running around lighting fires. Now the Saudis are leveraging their military capabilities, high in equipment but low in personnel, to try and put one of them out. I doubt they’ll do much better than their Egyptian allies have.

The ultimate beneficiaries of all this chaos are the various Jihadist groups, Al Qaeda, ISIS, the Houthis and anyone else involved.

We could very well be seeing the beginning of a real Arab Spring that will fundamentally transform the region, either into a tribal war zone or a new Caliphate.

Meanwhile Obama is waging a political war against Israel, the most stable country in the region.

h/t 


Today in History – March 26

1026 – Conrad II was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope John XIX.

1799 – Napoleon captured Jaffa Palestine.

1780 – The British Gazette and Sunday Monitor was published for the first time. It was the first Sunday newspaper in Britain.

1793 – The Holy Roman Emperor formally declared war on France.

1804 – The U.S. Congress ordered the removal of Indians east of the Mississippi to Louisiana.

1804 – The Louisiana Purchase was divided into the District of Louisiana and the Territory of Orleans.

1854 – Charles III, duke of Parma, was attacked by an assassin. He died the next day.

1871 – The Paris Commune was formally set up.

1878 – Hastings College of Law was founded.

1885 – Eastman Kodak (Eastman Dry Plate and Film Co.) produced the first commercial motion picture film in Rochester, NY.

1898 – In South Africa, the world’s first game reserve, the Sabi Game reserve, was designated.

1909 – Russian troops invaded Persia to support Muhammad Ali as shah in place of the constitutional government.

1910 – The U.S. Congress passed an amendment to the 1907 Immigration Act that barred criminals, paupers, anarchists and carriers of disease from settling in the U.S.

1913 – During the Balkan War, the Bulgarians took Adrianople.

1917 – At the start of the battle of Gaza, the British cavalry withdrew when 17,000 Turks blocked their advance.

1937 – Spinach growers in Crystal City, TX, erected a statue of Popeye.

1938 – Herman Goering warned all Jews to leave Austria.

1942 – The Germans began sending Jews to Auschwitz in Poland.

1945 – The battle of Iwo Jima ended.

1945 – In the Aleutians, the battle of Komandorski began when the Japanese attempted to reinforce a garrison at Kiska and were intercepted by a U.S. naval force.

1951 – The U.S. Air Force flag was approved. The flag included the coat of arms, 13 white stars and the Air Force seal on a blue background.

1953 – Dr. Jonas Salk announced a new vaccine that would prevent poliomyelitis.

1956 – Red Buttons made his debut as a television actor in “Studio One” on CBS television.

1958 – The U.S. Army launched America’s third successful satellite, Explorer III.

1962 – The U.S. Supreme Court supported the 1-man-1-vote apportionment of seats in the State Legislature.

1969 – The TV movie “Marcus Welby” was seen on ABC-TV. It was later turned into a series.

1971 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared East Pakistan to be the independent republic of Bangladesh.

1971 – “Cannon” premiered on CBS-TV as a movie. It was turned into a series later in the year.

1972 – The Los Angeles Lakers broke a National Basketball Association (NBA) record by winning 69 of their 82 games.

1973 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat took over the premiership and said “the stage of total confrontation (with Israel) has become inevitable.”

1973 – Women were allowed on the floor of the London Stock Exchange for the first time.

1979 – The Camp David treaty was signed by Israel and Egypt that ended the 31-year state of war between the countries.

1981 – In Great Britain, the Social Democratic Party (SDP) gained official recognition.

1982 – Ground breaking ceremonies were held in Washington, DC, for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

1983 – The U.S. performed a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site.

1989 – The first free elections took place in the Soviet Union. Boris Yeltsin was elected.

1991 – The presidents of Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay signed an agreement that established the Southern Cone Common Market, a free-trade zone, by January 1, 1995.

1992 – In Indianapolis, heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson was found guilty of rape. He was sentenced to 6 years in prison. He only served three.

1995 – Seven of the 15 European Union states abolished border controls.

1996 – The International Monetary Fund approved a $10.2 billion loan for Russia to help the country transform its economy.

1997 – The 39 bodies of Heaven’s Gate members are found in a mansion in Rancho Santa Fe, CA. The group had committed suicide thinking that they would be picked up by a spaceship following behind the comet Hale-Bopp.

1998 – In the U.S., the Federal government endorses new HIV test that yields instant results.

1998 – Unisys Corp. and Lockheed Martin Corp. pay a $3.15 million fine for selling spare parts at inflated prices to the U.S. federal government.

1999 – The macro virus “Melissa” was reported for the first.

1999 – In Michigan, Dr. Jack Kevorkian was convicted of second-degree murder for giving a terminally ill man a lethal injection and putting it all on videotape on September 17, 1998 for “60 Minutes.”

2000 – The Seattle Kingdome was imploded to make room for a new football arena.

2000 – In Russia, acting President Vladimir Putin was elected president outright. He won a sufficient number of votes to avoid a runoff election.

2007 – The design for the “Forever Stamp” was unveiled by the U.S. Postal Service.


Today in History – March 25

0421 – The city of Venice was founded.

1306 – Robert the Bruce was crowned king of Scotland.

1409 – The Council of Pisa opened.

1609 – Henry Hudson left on an exploration for Dutch East India Co.

1634 – Lord Baltimore founded the Catholic colony of Maryland.

1655 – Puritans jailed Governor Stone after a military victory over Catholic forces in the colony of Maryland.

1655 – Christian Huygens discovered Titan. Titan is Saturn’s largest satellite.

1669 – Mount Etna in Sicily erupted destroying Nicolosi. 20,000 people were killed.

1700 – England, France and Netherlands ratify the 2nd Extermination Treaty.

1753 – Voltaire left the court of Frederik II of Prussia.

1774 – English Parliament passed the Boston Port Bill.

1776 – The Continental Congress authorized a medal for General George Washington.

1802 – France, Netherlands, Spain and England signed the Peace of Amiens.

1807 – The first railway passenger service began in England.

1807 – British Parliament abolished the slave trade.

1813 – The frigate USS Essex flew the first U.S. flag in battle in the Pacific.

1814 – The Netherlands Bank was established.

1820 – Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack

1821 – Greece gained independence from Turkey.

1856 – A. E. Burnside patented Burnside carbine.

1857 – Frederick Laggenheim took the first photo of a solar eclipse.

1865 – The SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras caught fire and sank. 400 people were killed.

1865 – During the American Civil War, Confederate forces captured Fort Stedman in Virginia.

1879 – Japan invaded the kingdom of Liuqiu (Ryukyu) Islands, formerly a vassal of China.

1895 – Italian troops invaded Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

1898 – The Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association was formed in New York City.

1900 – The U.S. Socialist Party was formed in Indianapolis.

1901 – 55 people died when a Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown, IA.

1901 – The Mercedes was introduced by Daimler at the five-day “Week of Nice” in Nice, France.

1901 – It was reported in Washington, DC, that Cubans were beginning to fear annexation.

1902 – Irving W. Colburn patented the sheet glass drawing machine.

1902 – In Russia, 567 students were found guilty of “political disaffection.” 95 students were exiled to Siberia.

1904 – E.D. Morel and Roger Casement formed the Congo Reform Association in Liverpool.

1905 – Rebel battle flags that were captured during the American Civil War were returned to the South.

1905 – Russia received Japan’s terms for peace.

1907 – Nicaraguan troops took Tegucigalpa, the capital of Honduras.

1908 – Wilhelm II paid an official visit to Italy’s king in Venice.

1909 – In Russia, revolutionary Popova was arrested on 300 murder charges.

1911 – In New York City, 146 women were killed in fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in New York City. The owners of the company were indicted on manslaughter charges because some of the employees had been behind locked doors in the factory. The owners were later acquitted and in 1914 they were ordered to pay damages to each of the twenty-three families that had sued.

1913 – The Palace Theatre opened in New York City.

1915 – 21 people died when a U.S. F-4 submarine sank off the Hawaiian coast.

1919 – The Paris Peace Commission adopted a plan to protect nations from the influx of foreign labor.

1923 – The British government granted Trans-Jordan autonomy.

1931 – Fifty people were killed in riots that broke out in India. Gandhi was one of many people assaulted.

1931 – The Scottsboro Boys were arrested in Alabama.

1936 – The Detroit Red Wings defeated the Montreal Maroons in the longest hockey game to date. The game lasted for 2 hours and 56 minutes.

1940 – The U.S. agreed to give Britain and France access to all American warplanes.

1941 – Yugoslavia joined the Axis powers.

1941 – The first paprika mill was incorporated in Dollon, SC.

1947 – A coalmine explosion in Centralia, IL, killed 111 people.

1947 – John D. Rockefeller III presented a check for $8.5 million to the United Nations for the purchase of land for the site of the U.N. center.

1953 – The USS Missouri fired on targets at Kojo, North Korea.

1954 – RCA manufactured its first color TV set and began mass production.

1957 – The European Economic Community was established with the signing of the Treaty of Rome.

1960 – A guided missile was launched from a nuclear powered submarine for the first time.

1965 – Martin Luther King Jr. led a group of 25,000 to the state capital in Montgomery, AL.

1966 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the “poll tax” was unconstitutional.

1970 – The Concorde made its first supersonic flight.

1971 – The Boston Patriots became the New England Patriots.

1972 – Bobby Hull joined Gordie Howe to become only the second National Hockey League player to score 600 career goals.

1975 – King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was shot to death by a nephew. The nephew, with a history of mental illness, was beheaded the following June.

1981 – The U.S. Embassy in San Salvador was damaged when gunmen attacked using rocket propelled grenades and machine guns.

1981 – The Down Jones industrial avarage of selected stocks on the New York Stock Exchanged closed at its highest level in more than eight years.

1982 – Wayne Gretzky became the first player in the NHL to score 200 points in a season.

1983 – The U.S. Congress passed legislation to rescue the U.S. social security system from bankruptcy.

1985 – It was reported that a U.S. Army Major stationed in East Germany had been shot and killed by a Soviet Border Guard.

1986 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan ordered emergency aid for the Honduran army. U.S. helicopters took Honduran troops to the Nicaraguan border.

1988 – Robert E. Chambers Jr. pled guilty to first-degree manslaughter in the death of 18-year-old Jennifer Levin. The case was known as New York City’s “preppie murder case.”

1989 – In Paris, the Louvre reopened with I.M. Pei’s new courtyard pyramid.

1990 – A fire in Happy Land, an illegal New York City social club, killed 87 people.

1990 – Estonia voted for independence from the Soviet Union.

1991 – Iraqi President Saddam Hussein launched a major counter-offensive to recapture key towns from Kurds in northern Iraq.

1992 – Soviet cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returned to Earth after spending 10 months aboard the orbiting Mir space station.

1993 – President de Klerk admitted that South Africa had built six nuclear bombs, but said that they had since been dismantled.

1994 – United States troops completed their withdrawal from Somalia.

1995 – Boxer Mike Tyson was released from jail after serving 3 years.

1996 – An 81-day standoff by the antigovernment Freemen began at a ranch near Jordan, MT.
1996 – The U.S. issued a newly redesigned $100 bill for circulation.

1998 – A cancer patient was the first known to die under Oregon’s doctor-assisted suicide law.

1998 – The FCC nets $578.6 million at auction for licenses for new wireless technology.

1998 – Quinn Pletcher was found guilty on charges of extortion. He had threatened to kill Bill Gates unless he was paid $5 million.

2002 – The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) dismissed complaints against Walt Disney Co.’s ABC network broadcast of a Victoria’s Secret fashion show in November 2001.

2004 – The U.S. Senate voted (61-38) on the Unborn Victims of Violence Act (H.R. 1997) to make it a separate crime to harm a fetus during the commission of a violent federal crime.