Today in History – February 8

1693 – A charter was granted for the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA.

1802 – Simon Willard patented the banjo clock.

1861 – The Confederate States of America was formed.

1861 – A Cheyenne delegation and some Arapaho leaders accepted a new settlement (Treaty of Fort Wise) with the U.S. Federal government. The deal ceded most of their land but secured a 600-square mile reservation and annuity payments.

1896 – The Western Conference was formed by representatives of Midwestern universities. The group changed its name to the Big 10 Conference.

1900 – In South Africa, British troops under Gen. Buller were beaten at Ladysmith. The British fled over the Tugela River.

1904 – The Russo-Japanese War began with Japan attacking Russian forces in Manchuria.

1910 – William D. Boyce incorporated the Boy Scouts of America.

1918 – “The Stars and Stripes” newspaper was published for the first time.

1922 – The White House began using radio after U.S. President Harding had it installed.

1927 – The original version of “Getting Gertie’s Garter” opened at the Hippodrome Theatre in New York City.

1936 – The first National Football League draft was held. Jay Berwanger was the first to be selected. He went to the Philadelphia Eagles.

1952 – Queen Elizabeth II ascended to the British throne. Her father, George VI, had died on February 6.

1963 – The Kennedy administration prohibited travel to Cuba and made financial and commercial transactions with Cuba illegal for U.S. citizens.

1963 – Lamar Hunt, owner of the American Football League franchise in Dallas, TX, moved the operation to Kansas City. The new team was named the Chiefs.

1969 – The last issue of the “Saturday Evening Post” was published. It was revived in 1971 as a quarterly publication and later a 6 times a year.

1971 – The Nasdaq stock-market index debuted.

1973 – U.S. Senate leaders named seven members of a select committee to investigate the Watergate scandal.

1974 – The three-man crew of the Skylab space station returned to Earth after 84 days.

1978 – The U.S. Senate deliberations were broadcast on radio for the first time. The subject was the Panama Canal treaties.

1980 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced a plan to re-introduce draft registration.

1985 – “The Dukes of Hazzard” ended its 6-1/2 year run on CBS television.

1993 – General Motors sued NBC, alleging that “Dateline NBC” had rigged two car-truck crashes to show that some GM pickups were prone to fires after certain types of crashes. The suit was settled the following day by NBC.

2002 – The exhibit “Places of Their Own” opened at the National Museum of Women in the Arts. The works displayed were by Geogia O’Keeffe, Frida Kahlo and Emily Carr.

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