Today in History – November 26

1716 – The first lion to be exhibited in America went on display in Boston, MA.

1731 – English poet William Cowper was born. He is best known for “The Poplar Trees” and “The Task.”

1789 – U.S. President Washington set aside this day to observe the adoption of the Constitution of the United States.

1825 – The first college social fraternity, Kappa Alpha, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, NY.

1832 – Public streetcar service began in New York City.

1867 – J.B. Sutherland patented the refrigerated railroad car.

1917 – The National Hockey League (NHL) was officially formed in Montreal, Canada.

1922 – In Egypt, Howard Carter peered into the tomb of King Tutankhamen.

1940 – The Nazis forced 500,000 Jews of Warsaw, Poland to live within a walled ghetto.

1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day. In 1939 Roosevelt had signed a bill that changed the celebration of Thanksgiving to the third Thursday of November.

1942 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing to begin December 1.

1942 – The motion picture “Casablanca” had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater in New York City.

1943 – The HMS Rohna became the first ship to be sunk by a guided missile. The German missile attack led to the death of 1,015 U.S. troops.

1949 – India’s Constituent Assembly adopted the country’s constitution The country became republic within the British Commonwealth two months later.

1950 – China entered the Korean conflict forcing UN forces to retreat.

1958 – Maurice Richard (Montreal Canadiens) scored his 600th NHL career goal.

1965 – France became the third country to enter space when it launched its first satellite the Diamant-A.

1973 – Rose Mary Woods, told a federal court that she was responsible for the 18-1/2 minute gap in a key Watergate tape. Woods was U.S. President Nixon’s personal secretary.

1975 – Lynette”Squeaky” Fromme was found guilty by a federal jury in Sacramento, CA, for trying to assassinate U.S. President Ford on September 5.

1979 – The International Olympic Committee voted to re-admit China after a 21-year absence.

1983 – A Brinks Mat Ltd. vault at London’s Heathrow Airport was robbed by gunmen. The men made off with 6,800 gold bars worth nearly $40 million. Only a fraction of the gold has ever been recovered and only two men were convicted in the heist.

1985 – The rights to Richard Nixon’s autobiography were acquired by Random House for $3,000,000.

1986 – U.S. President Reagan appointed a commission headed by former Sen. John Tower to investigate his National Security Council staff after the Iran-Contra affair.

1988 – The U.S. denied an entry visa to PLO chairman Yasser Arafat, who was seeking permission to travel to New York to address the U.N. General Assembly.

1990 – Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz at the Kremlin to demand that Iraq withdraw from Kuwait.

1990 – Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. agreed to acquire MCA Inc. for $6.6 billion.

1992 – The British government announced that Queen Elizabeth II had volunteered to start paying taxes on her personal income. She also took her children off the public payroll.

1995 – Two men set fire to a subway token booth in the Brooklyn borough of New York City. The clerk inside was fatally burned.

1997 – The U.S. and North Korea held high-level discussions at the State Department for the first time.

1998 – British Prime Minister Tony Blair made a speech to the Irish Parliament. It was a first time event for a British Prime Minister.

1998 – Hulk Hogan announced that he was retiring from pro wrestling and would run for president in 2000.

2003 – The U.N. atomic agency adopted a resolution that censured Iran for past nuclear cover-ups and warning that it would be policed to put to rest suspicions that the country had a weapons agenda.

2011 – The Mars Science Laboratory/Curiosity spacecraft launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL. The Mars rover Curiosity landed on the floor of Gale Crater on August 6, 2012.

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