1571 – The Battle of Lepanto took place,a great victory over the mighty Turkish fleet was won by Catholic naval forces primarily from Spain, Venice, and Genoa under the command of Don Juan of Austria. It was the last battle at sea between “oared” ships, which featured the most powerful navy in the world, a Moslem force with between 12,000 to 15,000 Christian slaves as rowers. The patchwork team of Catholic ships was powered by the Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
1765 – Nine American colonies sent a total of 28 delegates to New York City for the Stamp Act Congress. The delegates adopted the “Declaration of Rights and Grievances.”
1777 – During the American Revolution the second Battle of Saratoga began.
1868 – Cornell University was inaugurated in Ithaca, NY.
1913 – For the first time, Henry Ford’s entire Highland Park automobile factory was run on a continuously moving assembly line when the chassis was added to the process.
1918 – The Georgia Tech football team defeated Cumberland College 222-0. Georgia Tech carried the ball 978 yards and never threw a pass.
1939 – “Kate Hopkins, Angel of Mercy” was heard for the first time on CBS radio.
1940 – “Portia Faces Life” debuted on the NBC Red network.
1949 – The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was formed.
1950 – The U.S.-led U.N. forces crossed the 38th parallel and entered North Korea. China in November proved their threat to enter the war by sending several hundred thousand troops over the border into North Korea.
1951 – The Western Hills Hotel in Fort Worth, TX, became the first hotel to feature all foam-rubber mattresses and pillows.
1956 – A U.S. House subcommittee began investigations of allegedly rigged TV quiz shows.
1963 – U.S. President Kennedy signed a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union.
1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America adopted the film-rating system that ranged for “G” to “X.”
1981 – The Egyptian parliament, after the assassination of Anwar Sadat, named Vice President Hosni Mubarak the next president of Egypt.
1982 – A record was set when 147,000,000 shares were exchanged on the New York Stock Exchange.
1985 – The United States announced that it would no longer automatically comply with World Court decisions.
1989 – In Budapest, Hungary’s Communist Party renounced Marxism in favor of democratic socialism.
1993 – U.S. President Clinton sent more troops, heavy armor, and naval firepower to Somalia.
1994 – U.S. President Clinton dispatched an aircraft carrier to the Persian Gulf when Iraqi troops were spotted moving toward Kuwait. The U.S. Army was also put on alert.
1998 – The U.S. government filed an antitrust suit that alleged Visa and MasterCard inhibit competition by preventing banks from offering other cards.
1999 – American Home Products Corp. agreed to pay up to $4.83 billion to settle claims that the fen-phen diet drug caused dangerous problems with heart valves.
2000 – Vojislav Kostunica took the oath of office as Yugoslavia’s first popularly elected president.
2001 – Barry Bonds (San Francisco Giants) hit his 73rd home run of the season and set a new major league record.
2001 – The U.S. and Great Britain began airstrikes in Afghanistan in response to that state’s support of terrorism and Osama bin Laden. The act was the first military action taken in response to the terrorist attacks on the U.S. on September 11, 2001.
2003 – In California, Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor in the recall election of Governor Gray Davis.
2003 – Randy Quaid received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2004 – Billy Bob Thornton got a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.