1674 – Sivaji crowned himself King of India.
1813 – The U.S. invasion of Canada was halted at Stony Creek, Ontario.
1833 – Andrew Jackson became the first U.S. president to ride in a train. It was a B&O passenger train.
1844 – The Young Men’s Christian Association was founded in London.
1882 – The first electric iron was patented by H.W. Seely.
1890 – The United States Polo Association was formed in New York City, NY.
1904 – The National Tuberculosis Association was formed in Atlantic City, NJ.
1924 – The German Reichtag accepted the Dawes Plan. It was an American plan to help Germany pay off its war debts.
1925 – Chrysler Corporation was founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.
1932 – In the U.S., the first federal tax on gasoline went into effect. It was a penny per gallon.
1933 – In Camden, NJ, the first drive-in movie theater opened.
1934 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Securities Exchange Act, which established the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
1936 – The first helicopter was tested in a building in Berlin, Germany.
1941 – The U.S. government authorized the seizure of foreign ships in U.S. ports.
1942 – The first nylon parachute jump was made by Adeline Gray in Hartford, CT.
1942 – Japanese forces retreated in the World War II Battle of Midway. The battle had begun on June 4.
1944 – The D-Day invasion of Europe took place on the beaches of Normandy, France. 400,000 Allied American, British and Canadian troops were involved.
1946 – The Basketball Association of America was formed in New York City, NY.
1968 – U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy died at 1:44am in Los Angeles after being shot by Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy was was shot the evening before while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination.
1971 – “The Ed Sullivan Show” aired for the last time. It was canceled after 23 years on the air. Gladys Knight and the Pips were the musical guests on show.
1978 – “20/20” debuted on ABC.
1982 – Israel invaded southern Lebanon in an effort to drive PLO guerrillas out of Beirut.
1985 – The body of Nazi war criminal Dr. Josef Mengele was located and exhumed near Sao Paolo, Brazil. Mengele was known as the “Angel of Death.”
1985 – The U.S. Senate authorized nonmilitary aid to the Contras. The vote authorized $38 million over two years.
1993 – Mongolia held its first direct presidential elections.
2005 – The United States Supreme Court ruled that federal authorities could prosecute sick people who smoke marijuana on doctor’s orders. The ruling concluded that state medical marijuana laws did not protect uses from the federal ban on the drug.