Today in History….March 3

  1849, the U.S. Department of the Interior was established

  1849, Congress created the Minnesota Territory

  1879, Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood became the first woman to be admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court

  1887, Anne Sullivan arrived at the Tuscumbia, Ala., home of Capt. and Mrs. Arthur H. Keller to become the teacher for their blind and deaf 6-year-old daughter, Helen

  1894, British Prime Minister William Gladstone submitted his resignation to Queen Victoria, ending his fourth and final premiership

  1918, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russian participation in World War I. (The treaty was rendered moot by the November 1918 armistice.)

  1931, “The Star-Spangled Banner” officially became the national anthem of the United States

  1945, the Mutual Broadcasting System had Superman encounter Batman and Robin for the first time. ALSO: The Allies fully secured the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese forces during World War II

  1969, Apollo 9 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a mission to test the lunar module

  1986, the President’s Commission on Organized Crime, ending a 32-month investigation, called for drug testing of most working Americans, including all federal employees

  1991, Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers. The case sparked a national outcry after a snippet of video, out of context, was made public

  1996, Israel declared all-out war on the terrorist group Hamas after a bus bomb in Jerusalem killed 19 people, the third such suicide attack in eight days

  1997, U.S. Vice President Al Gore admitted he made fundraising calls from the White House but said he’d been advised there was no law against it

  1998, Microsoft chairman Bill Gates testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee that his company wasn’t a monopoly out to crush rivals in the Internet software market. ALSO: The Supreme Court ruled that local lawmakers’ votes are immune to lawsuits even if they had been based on illegal or discriminatory motives

  1999, the Supreme Court ruled that public schools had to finance one-on-one nursing care for some disabled students throughout the school day. ALSO: An estimated 70 million people tuned in to watch former White House intern Monica Lewinsky’s taped TV interview with Barbara Walters

  2003, Israeli troops arrested Hamas co-founder Mohammed Taha in a deadly raid. (Israel released him 14 months later.)

  2004, former WorldCom Chief Executive Officer Bernard Ebbers pleaded innocent to an indictment on federal fraud and conspiracy charges. The company’s 2002 bankruptcy was the largest in U.S. history

  2005, President Bush visited CIA headquarters, where he promised agency employees they would retain an “incredibly vital” role in safeguarding the nation’s security despite the creation of a new post of national director of intelligence. ALSO: Millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett became the first person to fly around the world alone without stopping or refueling, touching down in central Kansas after a 67-hour, 23,000-mile journey

  2010, U.S. Rep. Charles Rangel, D-N.Y., stepped down as chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee amid growing concerns over alleged ethics violations. In another ethics probe, N.Y. Gov. David Paterson was suspected of accepting improper gifts

  2013, Mitt Romney said he hoped to continue to have some influence in the Republican Party despite his loss in the 2012 U.S. presidential election


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