Today in History…. February 19

On this day in….

  197,  Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies

  1674, England and the Netherlands sign the Peace of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, which renamed it New York

  1807, in the Mississippi Territory, in present-day Alabama, former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason and confined to Fort Stoddart (Burr was acquitted at trial.)

  1846, in Austin, Texas the newly-formed Texas state government is officially installed. The Republic of Texas government officially transfers power to the State of Texas government following Texas’ annexation by the United States

  1859, Daniel E. Sickles, NY congressman, was acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity. This was the 1st time this defense was successfully used in the United States

  1878, Thomas Edison received a U.S. patent for “an improvement in phonograph or speaking machines”

  1881, Kansas became the first U.S. state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages

  1945, during World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima, about 30,000 United States Marines land on Iwo Jima, where they commenced a successful monthlong battle to seize control of the island from Japanese forces

  1985, artificial heart recipient William J. Schroeder becomes the first such patient to leave hospital

  1986, the Soviet Union launches the Mir space station

  2002, NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system

  2004, former Enron Corp. chief executive Jeffrey Skilling was charged in court with fraud, insider trading and other crimes in connection with the energy trader’s colossal collapse. (Skilling was later convicted of 19 counts and sentenced to 24 years and four months in prison; a federal appeals court upheld his convictions, but vacated the prison term and ordered that he be resentenced.)

  2008, Fidel Castro announces that he will resign as President of Cuba. ALSO: Toshiba, creator of the HD DVD, conceded to Sony’s rival Blu-ray format

  2010, Tiger Woods accepted responsibility for his reckless actions, apologizing to a global audience and telling the media to leave his family alone. Admitting his infidelity, he said, “I am the only person to blame.”

  2011, a U.S. intelligence report said Iran had resumed research on development of a nuclear bomb

  2012, Iran halted crude oil exports to British and French companies, following up on a threat to cut oil supplies to some EU countries in retaliation for imposed sanctions

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