On this day in….
1789 – W.H. Brown’s “Power of Sympathy” was published. It was the first American novel to be published. The novel is also known as the “Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth”.
1793 – During the French Revolution, King Louis XVI was executed on the guillotine. He had been condemned for treason.
1812 – The Y-bridge in Zanesville, OH, was approved for construction.
1846 – The first issue of the “Daily News,” edited by Charles Dickens, was published.
1853 – Dr. Russell L. Hawes patented the envelope folding machine.
1865 – An oil well was drilled by torpedoes for the first time.
1900 – Canadian troops set sail to fight in South Africa. The Boers had attacked Ladysmith on January 8, 1900.
1908 – The Sullivan Ordinance was passed in New York City making smoking by women illegal. The measure was vetoed by Mayor George B. McClellan Jr.
1911 – The first Monte Carlo car rally was held. Seven days later it was won by Henri Rougier.
1915 – The first Kiwanis club was formed in Detroit, MI.
1924 – Soviet leader Vladimir Llyich Lenin died. Joseph Stalin began a purge of his rivals for the leadership of the Soviet Union.
1927 – The first opera broadcast over a national radio network was presented in Chicago, IL. The opera was “Faust”.
1941 – The British communist newspaper, the “Daily Worker,” was banned due to wartime restrictions.
1946 – “The Fat Man” debuted on ABC radio.
1954 – The Nautilus was launched in Groton, CT. It was the first atomic-powered submarine. U.S. First Lady Mamie Eisenhower broke the traditional bottle of champagne across the bow.
1954 – The gas turbine automobile was introduced in New York City.
1970 – The Boeing 747 made its first commercial flight from New York to London for Pan American.
1970 – ABC-TV presented “The Johnny Cash Show” in prime time.
1976 – The French Concorde SST aircraft began regular commercial service for Air France and British Airways.
1977 – U.S. President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders.
1980 – Gold was valued at $850 an ounce.
1986 – Former major-league player, Randy Bass, became the highest-paid baseball player in Japanese history. Bass signed a three-year contract for $3.25 million. He played for the Hanshin Tigers.
1994 – A jury in Manassas, VA, acquitted Lorena Bobbitt by reason of temporary insanity of maliciously wounding (severing his penis) her husband John. She accused him of sexually assaulting her.
1997 – Newt Gingrich was fined as the U.S. House of Representatvies voted for first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.
1998 – A former White House intern said on tape that she had an affair with U.S. President Clinton.
2002 – In Goma, Congo, about fifty people were killed when lava flow ignited a gas station. The people killed were trying to steal fuel from elevated tanks. The eruption of Mount Nyiragongo began on January 17, 2002.
2002 – In London, a 17th century book by Capt. John Smith, founder of the English settlement at Jamestown, was sold at auction for $48,800. “The General History of Virginia, New England and the Summer Isles” was published in 1632.
2003 – It was announced by the U.S. Census Bureau that estimates showed that the Hispanic population had passed the black population for the first time.