On this day in…..
1639 – Connecticut’s first constitution, the “Fundamental Orders,” was adopted.
1784 – The United States ratified a peace treaty with England ending the Revolutionary War.
1858 – French emperor Napoleon III escaped an attempt on his life.
1873 – John Hyatt’s 1869 invention ‘Celluloid’ was registered as a trademark.
1878 – Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated the telephone for Britain’s Queen Victoria.
1907 – An earthquake killed over 1,000 people in Kingston, Jamaica.
1939 – “Honolulu Bound” was heard on CBS radio for the first time.
1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane while in office. He flew from Miami, FL, to French Morocco where he met with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to discuss World War II.
1952 – NBC’s “Today” show premiered.
1953 – Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the country’s Parliament.
1954 – Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio were married. The marriage only lasted nine months.
1954 – The Hudson Motor Car Company merged with Nash-Kelvinator. The new company was called the American Motors Corporation.
1963 – George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama.
1969 – An explosion aboard the U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise off Hawaii killed 25 crew members.
1972 – NBC-TV debuted “Sanford & Son.”
1973 – The Miami Dolphins defeated the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl VII and became the first NFL team to go undefeated in a season.
1985 – Martina Navratilova won her 100th tournament. She joined Jimmy Connors and Chris Evert Lloyd as the only professional tennis players to win 100 tournaments.
1985 – Former Miss America, Phyllis George, joined Bill Kurtis as host of “The CBS Morning News”.
1986 – “Rambo: First Blood, Part II” arrived at video stores. It broke the record set by “Ghostbusters”, for first day orders. 435,000 copies of the video were sold.
1993 – Television talk show host David Letterman announced he was moving from NBC to CBS.
1993 – The British government pledged to introduce legislation to criminalize invasions of privacy by the press.
1994 – U.S. President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed Kremlin accords to stop aiming missiles at any nation and to dismantle the nuclear arsenal of Ukraine.
1996 – Jorge Sampaio was elected president of Portugal.
1996 – Juan Garcia Abrego was arrested by Mexican agents. The alleged drug lord was handed over to the FBI the next day.
1998 – Whitewater prosecutors questioned Hillary Rodham Clinton at the White House for 10 minutes about the gathering of FBI background files on past Republican political appointees.
1998 – In Dallas, researchers report an enzyme that slows the aging process and cell death.
1999 – The U.S. proposed the lifting of the U.N. ceilings on the sale of oil in Iraq. The restriction being that the money be used to buy medicine and food for the Iraqi people.
2000 – A U.N. tribunal sentenced five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 massacre of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.
2000 – The Dow Jones industrial average hit a new high when it closed at 11,722.98. Earlier in the session, the Dow had risen to 11,750.98. Both records stood until October 3, 2006.
2002 – NBC’s “Today” celebrated its 50th anniversary on television.
2002 – Actor Brad Renfro, 19, was arrested after being stopped on a traffic violation. He was charged with public intoxication and driving without a license.
2004 – In St. Louis, a Lewis and Clark Exhibition opened at the Missouri History Museum. The exhibit featured 500 rare and priceless objects used by the Corps of Discovery.
2005 – A probe, from the Cassini-Huygens mission, sent back pictures during and after landing on Saturn’s moon Titan. The mission was launched on October 15, 1997.