Today in History….January 8

On this day in . . .

  1297, François Grimaldi, disguised as a monk, leads his men to capture the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco, establishing his family as the rulers of Monaco

  1790, President George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address in New York, New York

  1815, the War of 1812: During the Battle of New Orleans,  Andrew Jackson leads American forces in victory over the British

  1835, the United States national debt is zero for the only time

  1889, Herman Hollerith is issued US patent #395,791 for the ‘Art of Applying Statistics’ — his punched card calculator

  1918, President Woodrow Wilson announces his “Fourteen Points” for the aftermath of World War I

   1940, during World War II: Britain introduces food rationing

  1963,  Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

  1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a “War on Poverty” in the United States

  1973, The Watergate scandal: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate begins

  1975,  Ella T. Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States other than by succeeding her husband

  1982,  AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions

  1993, thousands gathered at Elvis Presley’s Graceland mansion in Memphis to purchase the first issue of a stamp honoring the “King of Rock ‘n’ Roll” on what would have been his 58th birthday

  2002,  President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act

  2004 , the RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake’s granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II

  2007, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez announced he would nationalize the nation’s telecommunications and electric power industries controlled by U.S. companies

  2011, the attempted assassination of Arizona Representative Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona at a Safeway grocery store, for which Jared Lee Loughner is subsequently arrested, kills six people and wounds 13, including Giffords

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