Today in History….December 9

On this day in . . .

   1793, New York City’s first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster

   1835, the Republic of Texas captures San Antonio, Texas

   1861, during theAmerican Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress

   1888, statistician Herman Hollerith installs his computing device at the United States War Department

   1905, in France, the law separating church and state is passed

   1917, in Palestine, Field Marshal Edmund Allenby captures Jerusalem

   1946, the “Subsequent Nuremberg Trials” begin with the “Doctors’ Trial”, prosecuting doctors involved in human experimentation

   1953, General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company                                                                                           

   1961, the trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann, ym”sh, in Israel, ends with verdicts of guilty on 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization

   1979, the eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first and to date only human disease driven to extinction 

   1987, the First Intifada begins in the Gaza Strip and West Bank

   1990, Solidarity founder Lech Walesa won Poland’s presidential runoff by a landslide

   2000, the Supreme Court of the United States stays the sixth Florida recount

   2001, the United States disclosed the existence of a videotape in which Osama bin Laden said he was pleasantly surprised by the extent of damage from the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.

   2006, Discovery lighted up the sky in the first nighttime space shuttle launch in four years

   2008, the Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested by federal officials for a number of alleged crimes including attempting to sell the United States Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama’s election to the Presidency

   2010, in Britain’s worst political violence in years, student protesters rained sticks and rocks on riot police, vandalized government buildings and attacked a car carrying Prince Charles and his wife, Camilla, after lawmakers approved a controversial hike in university tuition fees. ALSO: Actor Wesley Snipes began serving a three-year sentence at a federal prison in Pennsylvania for failure to file income tax return

2011, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin blamed the United States for encouraging opposition protests that had broken out since parliamentary elections  

2012, U.S. special forces rescued an American doctor captured by the Taliban in Afghanistan. A Navy SEAL, Petty Officer 1st Class Nicolas D. Checque of Monroeville, Pa., was killed during the rescue of Dr. Dilip Joseph of Colorado Springs, Colo.  

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