St. Ambrose: Strangest Life Story Ever?

St. Ambrose’s memorial is December 7th.

He was one of the four original doctors of the Church, and he baptized St.  Augustine. He also had perhaps the strangest life story of any of the Church  Fathers!

Here are 8 things to know and share . . .

1) Who was St. Ambrose?

St. Ambrose of Milan was born around A.D. 338 and died in 397.

He was the bishop of Milan, Italy.

2) What makes is his life story so strange?

Originally, he was a government official, he became bishop in a most  extraordinary way.

After the death of the local bishop, the Catholics and Arians got into a  vehement conflict about who should be the new bishop.

Ambrose was trying to keep the peace and settle the two groups down when  someone—allegedly a small boy—began chanting “Ambrose, bishop!”

Soon the two groups began chanting together that Ambrose should be the new  bishop.

(The Arians, apparently, felt that although Ambrose was Catholic in belief  he would be a kinder bishop than they otherwise would likely get.)

This set of circumstances is extraordinary enough, but what’s even more  extraordinary is that Ambrose wasn’t even a Christian yet. He was an unbaptized  catechumen!

3) Can it get any stranger?

Yes it can!

Ambrose did not want to be bishop, and so he went into hiding.

The Emperor Valentinian then got word of all this and declared severe  penalties on anyone who would give Ambrose shelter.

He was thus forced to come out of hiding and accept his ordination as  bishop.

They quickly ran him through the preliminary grades of orders, and he was  consecrated a bishop about a week later.

4) How did he do as bishop?

He was great! That’s part of why he ended up as a doctor of the Church.

He left many wonderful writings. He helped convert St. Augustine. And he  combatted heresy.

He also introduced a practice into the West that has remained with us to  this day.

5) What practice was that?

Lectio Divina. Pope Benedict XVI explained:

Culturally well-educated but at the same time  ignorant of the Scriptures, the new Bishop briskly began to study them.

From the works of Origen, the indisputable  master of the “Alexandrian School”, he learned to know and to comment on the  Bible.

Thus, Ambrose transferred to the Latin  environment the meditation on the Scriptures which Origen had begun, introducing  in the West the practice of lectio divina.

The method of lectio served  to guide all of Ambrose’s preaching and writings, which stemmed precisely  from prayerful listening to the Word of God.

6) How did Ambrose help with Augustine’s conversion?

That also involved a rather dramatic story, in which Ambrose stood up to the  emperor at the risk of his own life.

Pope Benedict explained:

A passage from St  Augustine’s Confessions is relevant.

He had come to Milan as a teacher of rhetoric;  he was a sceptic and not Christian. He was seeking the Christian truth but was  not capable of truly finding it.

What moved the heart of the young African  rhetorician, sceptic and downhearted, and what impelled him to definitive  conversion was not above all Ambrose’s splendid homilies (although he deeply  appreciated them).

It was rather the testimony of the Bishop and  his Milanese Church that prayed and sang as one intact body.

It was a Church that could resist the tyrannical  ploys of the Emperor and his mother, who in early 386 again demanded a church  building for the Arians’ celebrations.

In the building that was to be requisitioned,  Augustine relates, “the devout people watched, ready to die with their  Bishop”.

This testimony of  the Confessions is precious because it points out that  something was moving in Augustine, who continues: “We too, although spiritually  tepid, shared in the excitement of the whole people”  (Confessions 9, 7).

7) Was Ambrose remarkable in other ways?

He was remarkable in many ways, one of them we today would find quite  surprising.

Pope Benedict explained:

[Augustine] writes in his text that whenever he  went to see the Bishop of Milan, he would regularly find him taken up  with catervae [Latin, “crowd”]of people full of problems for  whose needs he did his utmost.

There was always a long queue waiting to talk to  Ambrose, seeking in him consolation and hope.

When Ambrose was not with them, with the people  (and this happened for the space of the briefest of moments), he was either  restoring his body with the necessary food or nourishing his spirit with  reading.

Here Augustine marvels because Ambrose read the  Scriptures with his mouth shut, only with his eyes  (cf. Confessions, 6, 3).

Indeed, in the early Christian centuries reading  was conceived of strictly for proclamation, and reading aloud also facilitated  the reader’s understanding.

That Ambrose could scan the pages with his eyes  alone suggested to the admiring Augustine a rare ability for reading and  familiarity with the Scriptures.

Got that?

Ambrose was known for the ability to read with his mouth shut, not using his  voice or moving his lips.

We’re all taught to do this today, but it was rare in the ancient world!  Back then, if you even could read, you usually had to at least move  your lips.

Ambrose also passed on to Augustine a very famous piece of advice, that many  people quote today without even knowing where it comes from.

8) What advice was that?

Augustine noted that the liturgical customs in Rome were different than  those used in other places, and Ambrose told him something we still quote  today.

We paraphrase it in English, but it’s the same thought: “When in Rome, do as  the Romans do.”

By the way, here is a video done a few years ago on St. Ambrose

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