Today in History….December 6

On this day in . . .

   1768, the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica is published

   1790, the U.S. Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia

   1865, the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, abolishing slavery in the United States

   1884, the Washington Monument in Washington D.C. is completed                                                                                           

   1897, London becomes the world’s first city to host licenced taxis

   1907, in West Virginia’s Marion County, an explosion in a network of mines owned by the Fairmont Coal Company in Monongah killed 361 coal miners. It was the worst mining disaster in U.S. history

   1917, some 2,000 people died when an explosives-laden French cargo ship collided with a Norwegian vessel at the harbor in Halifax, Nova Scotia, setting off a blast that devastated the city

   1922, one year to the day after the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the Irish Free State comes into existence

   1933, Americans crowded into liquor stores, bars and cafes to buy their first legal alcoholic beverages in 13 years, following repeal of Prohibition

   1941, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a message to Japanese Emperor Hirohito expressing hope that gathering war clouds would be dispelled. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor the next day

   1956, a water polo match between Hungary and the USSR takes place during the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, representative of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution

   1973, House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as vice president, succeeding Spiro T. Agnew 

   1975, the U.S. Senate authorized a $2.3 billion emergency loan to save New York City from bankruptcy

   1987, on the eve of Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s arrival in the United States for a summit meeting with President Ronald Reagan, more than 200,000 protesters in Washington, and a much smaller number in Moscow, protest Soviet policies concerning Russian Jews. The protests succeeded in focusing public attention on human rights abuses in Russia but had little impact on the summit

   1990, Saddam Hussein asked the Iraqi Parliament to authorize the release of all hostages held by Iraq. The legislature acted the next day and all Americans who wished to leave were out a week later

   2001, the House of Representatives, by a one-vote margin, gave President George W. Bush more power to negotiate global trade deals

   2005, several villagers are shot dead during protests in Dongzhou, China. AND: Two female practitioners of that “religion of peace” detonated explosives in a classroom filled with students at Baghdad’s police academy, killing 27 people

   2006, NASA reveals photographs taken by Mars Global Surveyor suggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars

   2010, President Barack Obama announced a compromise with the GOP to extend Bush-era income tax cuts despite Democratic objections; the agreement included renewing unemployment benefits and reducing Social Security taxes for one year. ALSO: Talks between Iran and six world powers recessed with no sign Tehran was ready to discuss U.N. Security Council calls to curb its nuclear activity 

   2012, Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi remained defiant after a night of clashes involving thousands of his supporters and opponents outside his palace in Cairo that left six people dead and hundreds injured; Morsi refused to call off a referendum on a disputed constitution. Republicans pushed right-to-work legislation through the Michigan state House and Senate amid raucous protests from throngs of union supporters.

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