Today in History….December 4

On this day in . . .

  77, Austrasian King Carloman dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne King of the now complete Frankish Kingdom

  1259, Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels

  1619, 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to the Creator (this is considered by many to be the first Thanksgiving in the Americas)

  1783, at Fraunces Tavern in New York City, US General George Washington formally bids his officers farewell

  1791, the first issue of The Observer, the world’s first Sunday newspaper, is published

  1864, during the American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea — At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman’s campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta, Georgia. Union forces did suffer more than three times the Confederate casualties, however

  1875, notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison and flees to Cuba, then Spain

  1918, President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office   

  1943, during World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States  

  1945, by a vote of 65 to 7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations (the UN was established on October 24 of that year)

  1952, the Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing at least 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow

  1971, the UN Security Council calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan 

  1984, practitioners of that “religion of peace” hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers 

  1991, journalist Terry A. Anderson is released after 7 years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut by practitioners of that “religion of peace”. He was the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon. ALSO: Captain Mark Pyle pilots Clipper Goodwill, a Pan American World Airways Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport ending 64 years of Pan Am operations

  2005, tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage

  2008, for the first time, an NFL game was broadcast live in 3-D to theaters in Boston, New York and Los Angeles. (Although the telecast was marred by technical glitches, fans were mostly forgiving as they watched the San Diego Chargers beat the Oakland Raiders 34-7.) 

  2012, Newark, N.J., Mayor Cory Booker, responding to a challenge to survive on food stamps, began a week of spending less than $5 a day on food — posting his grocery receipts on Facebook and Twitter. “This is hard,” Booker said, profoundly. ALSO: Two Australian radio disc jockeys impersonating Queen Elizabeth and Prince Charles made a prank call to a London hospital and succeeded in getting nurses to tell them the condition of the hospitalized Duchess of Cambridge; a nurse who took the call would be found dead three days later in an apparent suicide

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