Today in History….November 22

On this day in . . .

  1718, English pirate Edward Teach — better known as “Blackbeard” — was killed during a battle off the Virginia coast

  1869, in Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched — one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day

1942, during World War II: Battle of Stalingrad: General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler, ym”sh, a telegram saying that the German 6th army is surrounded

  1943, during World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek meet in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan 

  1963, in Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John B. Connally is seriously wounded by Lee Harvey Oswald, who is later captured and charged with the murder of police officer J. D. Tippit. That same day, US Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States

  1967,  UN Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted by the UN Security Council, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab-Israeli peace settlement

  1972, the U.S. State Department ended a 22-year ban on U.S. travel to China

  1973, the Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo is disbanded

  1974, the United Nations General Assembly grants the terrorist group Palestine Liberation Organization observer status

  1977, the Anglo-French supersonic Concorde jetliner began scheduled flights to New York from London and Paris 

  1986,  Mike Tyson defeats Trevor Berbick to become youngest Heavyweight champion in boxing history

  1987, two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom 

  1988, in Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed

  1990, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher resigned after 11 years in office as England’s longest-serving leader of the 20th century

  1995, Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery

  2005, a practitioner of that “religion of peace”, Ahmed Omar Abu Ali, was convicted of joining al-Qaida and plotting to assassinate President George W. Bush. (Abu Ali, a college student, was later sentenced to life in prison.) ALSO: Ted Koppel hosted his final edition of ABC News’ “Nightline.” AND: Angela Merkel was sworn in as Germany’s chancellor. She was the first woman and first person from East Germany to lead the country

  2011, U.S. President Barack Obama urged Congress to do what a special committee couldn’t do after 10 weeks of trying — agree on what to cut in drawing up a $1.2 trillion deficit reduction plan. Without such a plan, unaltered automatic defense and domestic cuts would kick in 

2012, the traditional “Black Friday” sales began even earlier than before, on Thanksgiving evening, as stores including Target and Toys R Us opened their doors in hopes that Americans would be willing to shop right after their Thanksgiving meal. ALSO: In a series of constitutional amendments, Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi granted himself sweeping new powers and placed himself above judicial oversight 

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