On this day in…
1605 – The “Gunpowder Plot” attempted by Guy Fawkes failed when he was captured before he could blow up the English Parliament. Guy Fawkes Day is celebrated every November 5th in Britain to celebrate his failure to blow up all the members of Parliament and King James I.
1844 – In California, a grizzly bear underwent a successful cataract operation at the Zoological Garden.
1872 – In the U.S., Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote in the presidential election. She never paid the fine.
1895 – George B. Selden received the first U.S. patent for an automobile. He sold the rights for $200,000 four years later.
1911 – Italy officially annexed Tripoli.
1935 – The game “Monopoly” was introduced by Parker Brothers Company.
1940 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term in office.
1944 – Lord Moyne, a British official, was assassinated by the Zionist Stern gang in Cairo, Egypt.
1955 – The Vienna State Opera House in Austria formally opened.
1956 – British and French forces began landing in Egypt during the Suez Canal Crisis. A cease-fire was declared 2 days later.
1959 – The American Football League was formed.
1963 – Archaeologists found the remains of a Viking settlement at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland.
1986 – The White House reaffirmed the U.S. ban on the sale of weapons to Iran.
1987 – In South Africa, Goban Mbeki was released after serving 24 years in the Robben Island prison. He had been sentenced to life for treason against the white minority government of South Africa.
1998 – Scientists published a genetic study that showed strong evidence that Thomas Jefferson fathered at least one child (Eston Hemings) of his slave, Sally Hemings. (for more information)
1990 – Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the Kach movement, was shot to death after a speech at a New York Hotel. His assassin, Egyptian El Sayyid, was later convicted of the murder and was sentenced to life in prison for his part in the World Trade Center bombing.
1992 – Malice Green, a black motorist, was beaten to death in Detroit during a struggle with police. Two officers were later convicted in his death and sentenced to prison.
1994 – Former U.S. President Reagan announced that he had Alzheimer’s disease.
1994 – George Foreman, 45, became boxing’s oldest heavyweight champion when he knocked out Michael Moorer in the 10th round of their WBA fight in Las Vegas, NV.
1998 – In the U.S., Chairman Henry Hyde of the Judiciary Committee asked President Clinton to answer 81 questions for the House impeachment inquiry.
1998 – The U.N. announced that the Taliban militia had killed up to 5,000 civilians in a takeover of an Afghani town.
1999 – A 12-day conference on global warming, attended by delegates from 170 nations, ended in Bonn, Germany.
1999 – U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ruled that Microsoft Corp. enjoyed “monopoly power”.
2001 – It was announced that European aircraft manufacturer Airbus and Dubai-based Emirates airlines set up a joint venture specializing in airline services.
2009 – At Fort Hood, near Kileen, TX, Nidal Malik Hasan killed 13 people and wounded 30 others.