Today in History….November 1

On this day in . . .

  1512, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time

  1520, the Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America, connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan during his global circumnavigation voyage

  1683, the British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties

  1755, Lisbon earthquake: In Portugal, Lisbon is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between sixty thousand and ninety thousand people 

  1765, the British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America

  1790, Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster  

  1800, John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House)

  1805, Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition

  1814, Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars

  1870 , the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast

  1897, the first Library of Congress building opened its doors to the public. The Library had been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol

  1918, Malbone Street Wreck: the worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, with at least 93 deaths. 

  1941, photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography 

  1950, Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House

  1960, while campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps

  1963, the Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens

  1968, the Motion Picture Association of America’s film rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings G, M, R, and X

  1993, the Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union

  2001, President George W. Bush issued an order allowing past presidents, beginning with Ronald Reagan, to have as much say as incumbent presidents in keeping some of their White House papers private

  2006, a practitioner of that “religion of peace”, was convicted in Lawrenceville, Ga., of the mutilation of his 2-year-old daughter in what’s believed to be the first such criminal case in the U.S. (Khalid Adem was sentenced to 10 years in prison.) 

  2010, Marjorie Diehl-Armstrong, 61, was convicted by a jury in Erie, Pa., of participating in a bizarre plot in which a pizza delivery driver was forced to rob a bank wearing a metal bomb collar that later exploded, killing him 

  2011, a U.N. report said the world’s population has topped the 7 billion mark, doubling the total of 1968. The U.N. Population Fund predicted 8 billion people by 2025 

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