Today in History….October 28

On this day in . . .

  1538, the first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established

  1636, a vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University

  1775, during the American Revolutionary War: A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston

  1886, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty

  1893, Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathetique, premiered in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer’s death  

  1919, Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January

  1922, Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government

  1929, Black Monday, a day in the Wall Street Crash of 1929, which also saw major stock market upheaval. 

  1936, President Franklin D. Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

  1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he had ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba

  1986, the centennial of the Statue of Liberty’s dedication is re-celebrated in New York Harbor

  1998, in London, the High Court ruled that former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet was immune from prosecution in British courts. (The House of Lords later overturned the decision, saying Pinochet’s arrest could stand. Pinochet was eventually allowed to return to Chile, where a court later held that he could not face charges because of his deteriorating health and mental condition. Pinochet died in 2006.)

  2001, the families of people killed in the Sept. 11 terrorist attack gathered in New York for a memorial service filled with prayer and song

  2003, the seven astronauts who died in the Columbia shuttle disaster were honored with the unveiling of their names carved into the national Space Mirror Memorial

  2005, Vice President Dick Cheney’s top adviser, I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, resigned after he was indicted on charges of obstruction of justice, perjury and making false statements in the CIA leak investigation. (Libby was convicted, but had his 30-month prison sentence commuted by President George W. Bush.) ALSO: More than a million demonstrators flooded the streets of Tehran and other major cities in Iran to back President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s  call for the destruction of Israel

   2007, the first NFL game played outside North America was played at Wembley Stadium

  2009, practitioners of that “religion of peace” stormed a guest house used by U.N. staff in the heart of the Afghan capital, leaving 11 dead, including five U.N. staff. They praised Allah as they did so  

  2010, officials reported breaking up an alleged plot in which explosives rigged as bombs and hidden in printer cartridges were shipped from Yemen addressed to Chicago synagogues. ALSO: China announced it had built what experts said was the world’s fastest supercomputer, capable of a sustained performance 40 percent greater than the previous record holder built in Oak Ridge, Tenn. 

  2012, Airlines canceled more than 7,000 flights in advance of Hurricane Sandy, transit systems in New York, Philadelphia and Washington were shut down, and forecasters warned the New York area could see an 11-foot wall of water. President Barrack Obama and Republican Mitt Romney altered their campaign travel plans because of the approaching storm; Obama visited FEMA headquarters in Washington before returning to the White House to monitor Sandy’s progress

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